There is an estimated 1.6 to 3.8 million concussions that occur annually in the United States resulting in $76.5 billion in healthcare cost. In the high school setting concussions have been shown to have an injury rate of .23 to .25 per 1,000 athlete exposures. An almost two fold increase in concussion rate of .43 per 1,000 athlete exposures has been shown in the collegiate setting. In addition to an increased total number of concussions reported annually, there has also been an increase in the number that were seen and treated in the emergency department, perhaps as a result of the increased attention being given to this injury. From 2001 to 2009 the number of patients increased from 153,365 to 248,418, up 62%. More concussions tend to occur
It happens all too often, athletes are coming home complaining of dizziness, confusion, and a headache. “More than 1.6 million Americans suffer a sports-related concussion every year, and a growing number occur among high school and college athletes” (O’connor).
A concussion is a common injury among athletes around the world. Concussions are serious injuries that should be treated with precaution and care. “A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that can cause long-term brain damage and diminish normal functioning” (Boriboon). Concussions occur primarily in sports with physical contact. Collisions occur often and it doesn’t always have to be with another player. According to the researcher Kia Boriboon, “A concussion occurs when the brain repeatedly collides with the skull, most often due to a blow to the head.” Even though we have a plan for dealing with concussions, it’s obviously not doing as well of a job as we expected. Statistics show that there are “estimates of 1.6 to 3.8 million sport-related concussions occurring in the United States each year” (Rigby). Without adding other countries into the mix, that is still a staggering number and it includes children. Children are less developed than adults, both physically and mentally. That may be the reason why children concuss more easily than adults (Tator).
Concussions and Young Athletes Brain injuries are no laughing matter when it comes to young athletes. The growing brain is vulnerable and sometimes brain injury, also known as concussions, can stunt growth and inflict future damage. No doubt, concussion awareness is on the rise, but the young players need to be informed and aware of the seriousness of their situation. Coaches, parents, and the athletes can take precautions to minimize the risk of a brain injury. Awareness can save the athlete from further cognitive damage.
Athletes suspected of having a concussion should be removed from play and evaluated by a trained medical professional. An Emergency Department evaluation is indicated for any athlete who suffers a loss of consciousness. (8) Athletes with a diagnosis of concussion should be removed from play or practice until symptoms have resolved without the aid of medication. Individuals with a history of multiple concussions should undergo a more detailed evaluation that may include a neurology referral. A progressive stepwise approach to return to activity is currently the recommendation. Currently, physicians and certified athletic trainers assess return to competition based solely on symptoms reported by the athletes in combination with standardized assessments. This is a major factor in the challenge of diagnosing a concussion. Additionally, when a diagnosis of concussion is made, the time frame for a complete return to competition is difficult to
The concussion rates among high school, collegiate, and professional athletes is increasing at an alarming rate. The United States alone reports 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of sport-related concussions per year2-4, 9, 12. The 1.6 to 3.8 million does not account for the large number of concussions that remain unreported by athletes2-4, 9, 12. According to McCrory et al., a concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that disturbs the brain, which is prompted by traumatic biomechanical forces 10. Sports- related concussions are one of the most complex injuries, which makes them difficult to assess. The cerebral functional deficits that occur in one athlete may be completely the opposite from another athlete3-4. Studies conducted by both Sosnoff and Broglio (et al.) uncovered that more than fifty percent of high school athletes failed to inform medical personnel following an injury .2,12
When ordering our organs by importance, the brain reigns supreme. This gray and squishy blob virtually controls all bodily functions both voluntary and involuntary. Without it, life would cease to exist. The athletes realize the risk of injury when he or she signs up. The athletes complete physicals to make sure they’re safe to compete. Parents, athletes, coaches, and all equipment regulations do what’s possible to prevent injury; however, the only instance that can prevent injuries from happening at all is not playing. One of the most serious injuries is a concussion. While one seems rather harmless, the effects can be both life altering and life ending. Since the early 2000s, the national epidemic has skyrocketed. More and more players are
Injuries in Football (Soccer),” that, in soccer, most concussions occur from the head coming into contact with another player (“Head and Neck Injuries”). Although not all concussions are from knocking heads with another player, many concussions come from the head coming into contact with objects such as the ball, the ground, or the goalpost. As well as there being multiple ways one could get a concussion, there are various types of concussions. There are a variety of factors leading up to the severity of a concussion such as past concussions, the nature of the concussive blow, and physical aspects of the athlete receiving the concussive blow (“Head and Neck Injuries”). For example, if one were to black out upon impact of concussive blow, the
Introduction Life is a precious gift and it is important to take every precaution to stay safe. Safety is a simple thing that everybody is taught at a young age. Some examples of that include telling kids not to talk to strangers, look both ways before crossing the street, and where a helmet when riding a bike.
Concussions remain a dangerous concern in the United States, and the government is instigating to inform others of concussions and the threat concussions hold (Key 444). Each year, many student athletes receive a concussion. Annually, around 300,000 sports-related concussions materialize in America (Lueke 485). When a sports-related concussion occurs in a young student athlete, both cognitive and physical rest should be required until all symptoms have disappeared because it will hasten the brain’s rehabilitation process.