The USSR however, accused the United States of practicing Imperialism and with attempting to stop revolutionary activity. Even when denying the accusation of spreading communism throughout the world, the USSR was supporting insurgent revolutions in Asia, Africa and Latin America. After the devastation of World War 2, many western European countries became susceptible against communism. To help prevent this, the United States proposed a program called the Marshall Plan to help rebuild the distraught economies. During 1945 and early 1946, the USSR made efforts to cut off contact with th... ... middle of paper ... ...00 American casualties.
The United States was successful in stopping the spread of communism to a limited extent, as there were several failures from 1945-1963. As people feared the Domino Theory, which quintessentially stated that if one country turned communist, their neighboring countries would as well, the U.S. commandeered the fight to eliminate the threat. In order to accomplish this goal, there were many urgent actions taken that inadvertently was a huge factor in initiating the Cold War. The tension that existed before, during and after WWII intensified immensely. The Truman Doctrine, the George Marshall plan and the backfires of the U.S. all played a key factor in the eventual eradication of communism.
In the next year Stalin, in a memorandum to aides, wrote about opening a second front in Europe. After Churchill declared the organization of another front impossible and the US supported him, Stalin expressed his intent to do so and said Churchill’s stance was a “moral blow” to the Soviet Union (Document B). After the war, The US and the Soviet Union developed into enemies as the common ground disappeared and the US criticized the Soviet Union’s policies. In Our Russian Ally (1945), Vera Micheles Dean discusses the differences between the two countries with opposite governmental ideals. She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H).
And in the 1960's with almost 70 million baby-boomers becoming teenagers and moving onto high school and college, the separate culture and music created for teenagers created an emphasis on a social conformity. Although the reasons for the dramatic change of youth culture are countless, Id like to focus on three important things that effect every generation of teens. The education they receive, the music that influences them, and the self expression of the youth. Many high schools began offering college-prep courses, to train some children to become doctors, officers, and mechanics (Goodwin). But during the 1960's, students took a stand against segregation, restricted free speech, and the war in Vietnam.
Just as the Soviets wanted to spread communism, the United States wanted to contain communism. Document 4 effectively portrays this policy. The Document is the speech where President Truman is explaining the Truman Doctrine in which the US is to protect any nation battling communist pressures. The speech splits the world into communist and democratic camps, intensifying the nations’ thirsts for more power and stifling the other’s power. Within Document 3, Kennan states that the only way to influence the Soviet Union is through force.
The American response… was basically a defensive reaction. As long as Soviet leaders clung to their dream of imposing Communism on the world, the West had no way (other than surrender) of ending the conflict…”. In fact, one could argue that the first interpretation of the origins of the Cold War was made by policy maker George Kennan. In 1947, under the pseudonym Mr. X, he published the article ‘Sources of Soviet Conduct’. Kennan claimed that the Soviet’s desired to expand their empire and Stalinist ideology in order to offer resista... ... middle of paper ... ...than academic, since they were expressed without access to sufficient primary sources making and secondly the later views benefited from the opening of Soviet Archives.
The Marshall plan was meant to rebuild the economic systems of Europe, and to also challenge any countries attempt to Europe’s existing power, this being directed toward the communist parties of the USSR that were currently trying to do so. Truman then strengthened the U.S. Department of Defense by forming the CIA and The NSC following the announcement of the Marshall Plan. With political tensions rising, the Berlin Blockade(1948-1949) became the first major crisis of the Cold War. This was a miserable attempt on the USSR’s part in trying to gain control over the entirety of Berlin. They blocked the railways, roads, and canals that lead to the allies con... ... middle of paper ... ...lly ended at the Malta Summit.
Truman’s main objective was to create a foreign policy that would control the spread of communism through out the world including third world countries. While facing the Korean War and trying to stop and contain communism Truman thought that it ... ... middle of paper ... ...cracy headed by an accountable president.” (Rosatii) Congress passed the War Powers act of 1973, which set limits on the use of U.S. troops in hostile areas without declaration of war of congressional authorization. It also set up committees in Congress to over see the actions of the CIA. This substantially changed the United States foreign policy toward third world counties. We still to this day engage in covert activity and support the local paramilitary groups favorable to United States polices, it seems less likely that the United States would engage its own troops without authorization from Congress.
Why would the US support a horrible dictator like Mao Zedong? To prevent a collaboration of communist superpowers that could overrun the world overnight. And second, The Allies simply had no real proof of the atrocities being committed by Stalin during his reign. Solzhenitsyn does express the evils of his own nation clearly, which becomes eerie when looking through the same lens upon which we see our own nation slipping into. He makes remarks about the soviet government controlling everything.
Unlike any president before him, he utilized the CIA to conduct covert missions to cease or halt the spread of Communism. Eisenhower also believed in the “domino theory”, in which without American influence, a nation could succumb to Communism, and if they did, the nation next would, until all were Communist. This was prevalent in Southeast Asia, as there were two main communist influences in the region. Since there were these influence, Eisenhower set out and established SEATO, which is the Pacific version of NATO. Following Eisenhower, President Kennedy believed that some measure taken were too weak.