British administrators governed the area from 1786 which caused a rift between Spain and Britain. England won control over the land at the Battle of St. George’s Caye in 1798, and with the Treaty of Amiens of 1802, Spain recognized British sovereignty. British law began to uphold as of 1840 and the area was eventually declared a crown colony in 1862 known as British Honduras. The United Kingdom’s main interest in Belize was purely economic. In the mid 17th century the African Slave Trade was introduced as a source of labor for forestry which continued to be the main enterprise until it was eventually supplanted by sugar.
What many people don’t know about Jamaica is that it has a Spanish town, which was formerly the capital, Sevilla la Nueva, now called New Seville. Jamaica's social and economic development began here under the Spanish rule. The first domesticated animals and new species of plant life were brought here. In addition the first sugar mill on the island was erected at New Seville. However, by 1534 the town had been abandoned by its inhabitants because of the unhealthy environment.
History of the Independance Movement One of the most important forces that governed the course of Cuba’s colonial history was the concept of racism. From the moment that Christopher Columbus ignored the presence of indigenous peoples, and claimed the island for Spain on his first voyage in 1492, to the day Carlos Manuel de Céspedes began the first revolution to independence, there was a strong tradition of separation and objectification (Franklin 1,4). Diego Velázquez was appointed governor of Cuba in 1511 (Franklin, 1). He founded the first European settlement, Nuestra Senora de la Asunción de Baracoa, on the Northeastern coast of the island. The European settlement of the Nuestra Senora de la Asunción was established in the middle of a pre-existing indigenous settlement, from which it got the name Baracoa (La Rosa Corzo, 35).
Cuba has had a wide spread influence on various musical styles in the last two century’s. The core of musical identities is "Cabildos," social unification left among the African slaves transported to the islands. Cabildos maintained the African culture customs which followed emancipation in 1886. This required the Cubans to merge with the Roman Catholic Church. a religion known as Santeria then quickly emerged and spread and increased over Cuba, Haiti, and other close islands.
The political and economic history of Jamaica is based upon its foundation as a slave colony. From the beginning, the colony was under Spanish rule that relied upon native slave laboring in the sugar fields. The first law to be implemented upon the island under Spanish rule was the Repartimiento, introduced by Governor Esquivel, the first governor of Jamaica. The law enabled colonists to apply for and receive special permission to use the natives for a period of time; forcing them into labors such as planting and logging (Bennett 70). Francisco de Garay, who became governor in 1514, enacted an other set of regulations called the Requermiento (The Requirement) (Bennett 70).
Between the broken land barrier of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea span a great region of tropical islands. These islands once dominated by Taiano, Arawak, and Carib Indians were over come by Spanish settlers in the early sixteenth century. Columbus and the Conquistadors brought disease, death and enslavement to the native tribes. In the year 1655 the English were forced to settle for the island of Jamaica after a failed attempt to conquer Hispanola over the ruling Spaniards. With the English came African slaves, these descendants spawned their offspring into slavery for years to come.
Next to follow were the Spanish, spending a brief amount of time on the island. The island was officially claimed under the flag of England on May 14, 1625 by Captain John Powell. The English settled the island, and started to create sugar plantations. As the plantations began to grow and succeed, they started importing more and more slaves to do the work. These are the compilation of people that make up Barbados.
A few, the first Maroons, escaped into the craggy hills. (Olson, pg.234) Recent excavations at Nanny Town, the most important early Maroon settlement, support Maroon oral traditions that the first African refugees found accommodation among the Arawak. (Olson, pg.234) Correspondence from the last decade of the sixteenth century also suggests that Spanish colonial officials w... ... middle of paper ... ...keth. Obeah; Witchcraft in the West Indies. Negro Universities Press.
Fidel Castro The first journey for Christopher Columbus to the "New World" landed him in what we know as present day Cuba. The Spaniards' occupied the island because of the great location and marketable importance that came about in the eighteenth century. Throughout time, Cuba has been under the control of dominant countries, such as Spain and the United States. The colonization process has been the consistent factor in Latin American countries, leaving the colonized without a sense of nationality. Once a country, such as Cuba gains independence, the question is now what will we do?
15 years after the Spaniards first encountered the island, they founded a settlement and were quickly establishing dominance in the region. In 1509, the Spaniards built a town named after an existing Spanish town, Sevilla La Nueva, New Seville. It was located near what is now St. Ann’s Bay on Jamaica’s north coast. With the local indigenous population declining due to disease, Spaniards began bring Africans to the island to work as slaves and perform hard labor. When the Spaniards left and the English took over, many of the salve fled, which became known as Maroons, and settled in what is now known as The Cockpit Country, located in the center of the island.