But before any opinions are put forth, it is always important to talk about the relative facts. Why put forth a new vision? Over past 30 years, it is hard to say that we have “explored” space. It is more appropriate to say we have conquered manned flight in Earth’s lower orbit. Truly, the Apollo Missions to the moon, which ended in the mid 70’s, was also the end to Manned Space Exploration.
Privatizing the Space Industry "The dinosaurs became extinct because they didn't have a space program. And if we become extinct because we don't have a space program, it'll serve us right!, said Larry Niven” (Engdahl). Progress made over the many years at NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has `been impeded because of cuts in funding and the government not seeing any potential with the space program. The current space program needs to be taken from government control to a privately built and funded space industry, so mankind does not turn out like the dinosaurs. With the great reduction n the government money backing the space industry the United States must change to having private companies create jobs, create financing and create a new space industry.
This created concern for NASA and Morton Thiokol, the company where the rocket boosters for the Challenger were made, regarding the functionality of the rocket boosters. Morton Thiokol engineers cautioned the company to delay the launch, so they contacted NASA and explained their concerns. Eager to accomplish the launch, NASA asked Morton Thiokol to reassess the issues. Morton Thiokol and NASA had a meeting, with exclusion of the engineers, regarding the low temperatures. Without the engineers’ vocal opinions in the meeting, the managers of Morton Thiokol consented for NASA to proceed with the launch of Challenger on January (Robison et al 62).
Without pictures, they created a computer modeling tool, 'Crater', to predict how the damage would affect Columbia during re-entry. In January, the team presented its findings. Had NASA taken the view that the damaged left wing threatened re-entry, it could' have used either of two fallback plans to sa... ... middle of paper ... ...se concerns are addressed. NASA allowed itself to evolve into an organization with inconsistent authority and responsibility in its safety structure, exhibiting differences between and even within its centers. Over time NASA left the responsibility for safety to contractors and was unaware of critical details.
During the height of the Cold War, the United States were stunned by these unbelievable achievements due to she short recovery from WWII and worried the US had fallen back on the advancement of technology. With the United States starting behind, they finally launched Explorer 1 on January 31, 1958. Without an official space program, President Eisenhower signed a law establishing NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration on July 29, 1958. President John F. Kennedy was later elected on November 8, 1960. (Watson).
Some were surprised when he announced his support for NASA, because of Kennedy's record of criticizing the US's space program during his candidacy. His support for the space was backed up with his claim that a moon landing would be beneficial to national security, and would focus national resources elsewhere. On September 12 of 1962, This was verbalized in his well-known “We choose to go to the Moon” speech, at Rice University stadium. The spot where he gave the speech would soon be very close to Johnson Space center. Years later, after multitudes of tests and the Apollo 1 fire, NASA began test launches of the famous Saturn V rocket.
This was conceived as a major threat. If the soviets could design a rocket that could reach space, what could stop them from using that same rocket to deliver a warhead anywhere in the world? Within less than a year later, Congressed passed the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) which was a program tha... ... middle of paper ... ...over all nations in the race for space. We chose to go to the moon for many reasons –for science, technological advancement, even for the exploration of new worlds –yet why have we not continued to do so? Today in the year 2014, government funding for NASA has been cut exponentially since the days of Apollo.
Of a Fire on the Moon, a book surrounding the events of the Apollo 11 journey to the moon, was written by Norman mailer during the historic Apollo 11 mission in 1969. Mailer was approached to write a book about the Space program shortly after he lost a highly publicized race for the Mayor of New York City. Mailer had little or no money, and was given one million-dollars to write the book. For Mailer the third week of July 1969 pointed toward an end”…a curious depression full of fevers, forebodings, and a general sense that the century was done-it had ended in the summer of 1969. “ 1.
A new fuel system was developed to help reduce cost that consisted of a mix of solid and liquid fuel system. This created a three part flight assembly consisting of the rocket booster, external fuel tank and the orbiter. This new system allowed NASA to reuse the orbiter which became known as the shuttle. This new flight system required the teams from several organizations to work together and each area played a key role in the success or failure of the space program. Morton Thiokol was awarded the contract for building the solid rocket boosters in Utah and shipping them to Florida for assembly.
Obviously NASA had some work cut out for them. So they started a project entitled “Project Mercury”. They brought together their best engineered and scientists to figure out the quickest and safest way to fly a military missile, with a man on top. NASA considered using people like Evil Canival, Stunt men, as people to test their rockets. President Eisenhower however did not see it that way.