United states still had worries as it wanted to make a strong, free market- oriented Europe, which was Capitalist. During and after World war two, there were signs of mistrust between Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States. The idea for the soviets was to create communist buffer between them and Germany, but US saw it differently and it looked that communism kept expanding. In the spring of 1945 the Soviets started to install compliant governments in the eastern parts of Europe, thus violating the promises made of democratic election during the Yalta Conference. On May 12, 1945, the British Prime minister, Winston Churchill, sent a telegram to President Truman stating, “What is to happen about Europe?
Level one revisionists deal with the importance of individuals and the point where Harry S. Truman took office after Franklin Roosevelt’s death. Level two revisionists deal with the nature of US capitalism and how that contributed to the beginning of the war. (Nye/Welch 144-145) The traditionalist view that the Soviet Union Leader Joseph Stalin caused the Cold War. There are arguments for an against this claim. Against this claim is the revisionist’s statement that, “The Soviets were much weaker than the United States, which was strengthened by the war and had nuclear weapons while the Soviets did not.
This in turn influenced the economic policies that drove the main powers of the Cold War even further apart. By far, the biggest contributor to the formation of the Cold War was the fact that both sides believed the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist west ideologies were incompatible with each other. The essence of the Cold War was seen as the opposition of communism and capitalism (Kishlansky, Geary, and O’Brien 874). This belief was present as soon as 1946, when Winston Churchill gave a speech characterizing the Soviet Union as a government that was capable of trying to “enforce totalitarian systems upon the free democratic world” (Churchill 303). He also contrasted the Soviet Union as a state where control was “enforced upon the common people by… police governments,” while the U.S. and Great Britain embodied “the great principles of freedom and the rights of man” (Churchill 303).
America, Russia, and the Cold War The origins of the Cold War came about when United States President Harry Truman issued his Truman Doctrine. This doctrine stated that the United States would support “free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” This would end up being the foundation of the U. S. involvement in the Cold War. The main idea of the doctrine was to support nations in the resistance of communism. Truman felt that if one nation fell to communism then this would lead to a “domino effect” resulting in many other nations in the region falling to communism. The greatest fear was that the Soviet Union would spread communism throughout the world thus the reason for the policy of containment.
Foreign Policy Development in the 20th Century During the Cold War from 1946 to 1990 the United States had formed a policy called the containment policy which was adopted by President Harry Truman. The containment policy was a doctrine uniting military, economic, and diplomatic strategies to turn back communism and to insure that America would hold the leading role in world affairs. Many people felt that if Franklin Roosevelt had lived he could have settled tensions between the Untied Sates and the Soviet Union because Truman lacked the diplomacy talent that F.D.R used so often. Truman stood strong against communism were as F.D.R. would have made an effort to keep peace between the two superpowers.
The three leaders in attendence, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill of England, and Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, each agreeing to meet with the hopes of coming to an agreement on how things should be handled postwar. Despite several agreements being made at the Yalta Conference, Stalin quickly made changes to several major points, specifically by establishing a communist government in Poland, despite promising a democratic structure. As much as Stalins broken promises caused a rift between the nations, the Soviet Union was just as much distrustful of the United States after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima an Nagasaki several months after the meeting in Yalta. Furthering the development of the Cold War was Stalin’s installation of what would be known as the Eastern Bloc. The Eastern Bloc was a handful of countries that were associated with the USSR as a Soviet Socialist Republic with the intent to have a communist grip on the country; politics, media, and the economy was wholly controlled by the state.
Tensions were heightened by the ideological differences between the two sides of the “iron curtain”. On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill delivered a speech at Westminister College in Fulton Missouri known as the "Iron Curtain." In his speech, he uncovered what he believed were the true intentions of the Soviet leadership. Hoping for a peaceful reconciliation with the Russians, Churchill said “We welcome Russia to her rightful place among the leading nations of the world.“ However, based on the events in Eastern Europe, he felt that the Soviet intentions were not only solely for security but rather expansion... ... middle of paper ... ...War, 1941-1947 (2000), (ch. 10: To the Truman Doctrine: Implementing the New Policy), 316-352.
One individual played an immense role in pulling the strings of the Cold War. As the first U.S. President to face the Cold War, Harry S. Truman’s political views as a Democrat, important military decisions during warfare, and his policy of containing Communism, strongly impacted the Cold War, which led to the United States and the Soviet Union becoming Cold War adversaries. From July 17¬–August 2, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, all met in Potsdam, Germany to discuss plans ... ... middle of paper ... ...r adversaries. Truman’s political views as a Democrat opposed the Soviet Union’s Communist views. Truman believed that communism would affect the political stability of other countries.
Prior to the Reagan Administration, the United States had already made several attempts to fight the spread of C... ... middle of paper ... ...idual states, effectively ending the Cold War. Reagan’s leadership and the relationship he forged with Gorbachev set the stage for a peaceful resolution of the Cold War. Through his foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve the transformative goal of “peace through strength”. But while Reagan’s expansion of the military budget and warrior-like rhetoric were significant, his vision would not have come to pass without an atrophying Soviet economy and the rise to power of Gorbachev in 1985. Works Cited http://www.nsspress.com/braunwarth_reader/sec20.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reagan_Doctrine http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/us-aid-anticommunist-rebels-reagan-doctrine-its-pitfalls http://www.thoughtleader.co.za/joncayzer/2011/02/16/ronald-reagan-at-100-the-legacy/ http://www.hks.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/CSRI/publications/workingpaper_16_ruggie.pdf
INF was agreed upon in 1987 between the Soviet Union and U.S. signed by Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev. This treaty has been viewed historically as one of the groundworks that brought an end to the Cold War. This accord is still in effect today but when Vladimir Putin rose to power, the Kremlin reassessed their strategy and urged that the U.S. and Russia drop the treaty. State Department officials of arms control investigated Russia’s ambitions and has considered to close the case. However, Obama administration officials are not in the saddle to affirm the tests of the missile to be a violation of INF.