While the general strategy of Nixon and Kissinger was certainly similar to that of Kennan, it is worth examining the implementation of their strategy in terms of actual foreign policy. One of the most notable changes in foreign policy as a result of Nixon and Kissinger was in the United States’ relationship with the Soviet Union. Clearly, the Soviet Union had consistently antagonized and posed a threat to the United States, both directly and indirectly. However, Nixon and Kissinger believed that past tensions needed to be set-aside in hopes of a more peaceful future, and began implementing a new policy towards the Soviet Union known as “Détente”. Instead of holding a grudge against the Soviet Union for its actions and ideology, the Nixon-Kissinger
Introduction The Cold War was a war between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union between 1947 and 1990. The USA was capitalist whereas the USSR was communist. Each superpower favored and supported their ideology while attempting to spread it throughout the world in order to create a sphere of influence. These ideological differences therefore led to a war whereby the superpower either attempted to spread their ideology or contain the opposing ideology by a means of proxy wars, doctrines and policies. This essay will thoroughly argue that it is accurate to state that the Cold War was due to ideological differences.
Inspired by the works of Karl Marx, V.I. Lenin nonetheless drew his ideology from many other great 19th century philosophers. However, Marx’s “Communist Manifesto” was immensely important to the success of Russia under Leninist rule as it started a new era in history. Viewed as taboo in a capitalist society, Karl Marx started a movement that would permanently change the history of the entire world. Also, around this time, the Populist promoted a doctrine of social and economic equality, although weak in its ideology and method, overall.
Russia, as a communist state, wanted to spread communism. This is seen through Document 6, where Stalin is portrayed asking the question- who should be freed from freedom next? In other words, who should the Russians free from democracy, or spread communism to? America felt a communist world is dangerous, and thus stood obstacle in the Soviet Union’s path to spread communism. Just as the Soviets wanted to spread communism, the United States wanted to contain communism.
Over the course of the 1917 Russian Revolution, and extending beyond, Marxist ideologies were significantly changed and used by Russian leaders and intellectuals. Vladimir Lenin was, perhaps, one of the first to twist Marxists ideologies; he did so to accommodate the political beliefs of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). After Leon Trotsky, a Russian Marxist, joined the Bolsheviks, Lenin adopted his Marxist theory of Permanent Revolution. Trotsky, after the revolution, used Marxist principles to oppose Joseph Stalin. Though, he twisted Marxist ideas so much that they could no longer be recognised as socialism from below, rather socialism from above.
Many of the historians perspectives about the causes of the Cold War varies to a certain extent. The Orthodox view generally holds that the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War. It states that the Soviets were inevitably expansionist , due to their suspicion of the West. Thus, Stalin violated the Yalta and Potsdam agreements, occupied and imposed Soviet control in Eastern Europe and decides to ¨plot¨ the spread of Communism throughout the world with Moscow as its centre. The Revisionist view had an alternative perspective about the Cold War.
The United States saw communism as a threat to their capitalist system. The United States wanted to stop the threat of communism in the world. During the entirety of the Cold War, one can argue that the events that unraveled as a circle effect becaus... ... middle of paper ... ...l goal.” Both parties were wrong in coming to conclusion and misperceiving events rather than sitting face to face and coming up with a solution. During the Cold War, there was misperception and perception between the Soviet Union as well as the United States. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism and take control of the world; the United States wanted to prevent that.
Perhaps not. There are a massive number of factors at play in the answer to this simple question. Should Trotsky have shown more ambition? Should Lenin have looked more closely, given lesser freedom to Stalin? Should the Central Party leadership have put aside their petty concerns of political considerations for the nobler purpose of Russia’s well-being?
In this way, the PRC’s formation as a modern nation state is the recrudescence of Sino-... ... middle of paper ... ... bloc (Goldstein 1995: 50). Hence, in allying with the Soviets the PRC were able to ameliorate the core issues that posed an existential threat to their republic. It is difficult to conclude anything other than that the alliance between the PRC and the Soviet Union was chiefly born out of necessity. Certainly, the common ideology and revolutionary nature of the CCP allowed for a collective understanding that sometimes amalgamated into shared objectives. Even so, PRC actions suggest an appeasement rather than a genuine alignment with the Soviet Union.
Thus, revolutionary imperial paradigm defined the policy of the Soviet Union. She forced him to look for opportunities to increase the influence of both by supporting the communist parties and the armed conflict. By itself, the paradigm has been influenced by Marxist ideology and personality of Stalin in Russian history and features of the post-war world.