South Korea chose to use a democratic system like in the U.S. and Canada, and other democratic countries. South Korea’s Constitution sets up three branches of government; the judicial, executive, and legislative branches, this establishes a checks and balances system so that no one branch can control too much of the government or hold too much power, just like in the United States. The President of South Korea is elected for a five-year term and is not eligible for reelection, after their one term. This is also “… a safeguard for preventing any individual from holding reins of government for a protracted period of time” (Korea.net, 2013). Voting officials use a number of departments to assist them with legislation.
The entire peninsula and some of Manchuria were at their beck and call, but since time has changed throughout history, it is now said that Korea was once a great nation as a whole, but now it has become two separate countries with many changes that were highly valued. Those changes that were highly valued are the foundations that lead the two countries, but the one that has changed the most is South Korea. South Korea is now influenced by western culture. What is being looked at is that South Korea is being lead from its past to a brighter tomorrow. The once great nation, now in two is located on a peninsula in East Asia between China and japan.
The North named its country the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea and its first premier was Kim Il Sung. The South named its portion of the country the Republic of Korea an... ... middle of paper ... ... end of the war, there were 33,739 United States of American troop deaths. South Korea had 217,000 military troops and 1,000,000 civilians dead.  The lessoned learned from this all these deaths are that the war could have ended earlier if we did not ignore the warnings from China there would be less death and suffering. With China, entering the fight with the North Korean changed the war to more of a challenge.
The containment of communism in Korea was successful. The Korean War, which started on June 25, 1950 and ended with a cease fire on July 27, 1953, was a civil war between North Korea and South Korea. This Cold War era fighting is considered to have been a proxy war between the United States and its Western democratic allies, and the Communist powers (Soviet Union and People’s Republic of China). North Korea was supported by Communist China and the Soviet Union, and South Korea was supported by the United States and its Western allies. Communist North Korea sought to spread its influence and control to the South.
South Korea was smashed by armed forces from communist North Korea and this set off the Korean War; at that time, the United States acted under the auspices of the United Nations. The act of the United States sprang to the defense of South Korea and this led to a bloody and frustrating war that lasted three years. Korea was a former Japanese possession and the country was divided into regions that followed the occupation of the Second World War. The United States forces accepted the surrender of the Japanese forces that were in southern Korea; on the other hand, the Soviet forces also accepted the surrender of the Japanese forces in northern Korea. Similarly to Germany, however, the division that was perceived to be temporary soon became permanent.
In order for the south to win, they would need the help of United States troops. United States president Truman and General Douglas MacArthur worked together to save South Korea but, there goal was to take over Korea and get rid of communism. In March 1950 Stalin gave Kim sung permission to invade south Korea and start the Korean war, he thinks that the united states has little interest in south Korea but he is proved wrong. The United States joins the war, July 27, 1950. Macarthur withdraws marines from the Pusan perimeter to invade the port of Inchon, this furious attack pushed the North... ... middle of paper ... ...hey agreed to make a demilitarized zone on the 38th parallel line or between north and South Korea.
Then they authorized General MacArthur to use his forces and the United States Seventh Fleet, "to stabilize the combat situation". We first entered the war on June 25, 1950 because the United States felt that if Russia's troops would fight for North Korea, we should fight for South Korea. Also, since South Korea had a dictatorship, we wanted to prevent it from becoming communist and remaining a dictatorial form of government. If the communist started conquering many nations they might start a whole empire (the domino effect). In December 1943 the United States, China and Great Britain made a promise to Synyman Rhee during World War II that Korea would be given its independence "in due course" after World War II.
Although President Truman hoped to end the war quickly and pressed MacArthur to be more tactful, the brilliant strategist went against presidential orders and continued spouting incendiary lines about his hopes to reunify Korea. After gaining the support of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Truman relieved MacArthur of command. The move was extremely unpopular in America MacArthur was perceived as a popular war hero. Only the support of the Joint Chiefs of Staff saved Truman from impeachment after the firing. Ridgway took MacArthur's command and held off the Communists with strong forts and entrenchment’s just north of the 38TH Parallel, sending occasional offensives against the Iron Tria... ... middle of paper ... ... terms.
At the Potsdam meeting, the three nations made a mutual agreement to occupy Korea following the defeat of Japan. Roosevelt proposed to the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that three or four years elapse before full Korean independence was appropriate. However, Stalin demurred, saying that a shorter period of time would be desirable. When Germany and Japan was defeated at las... ... middle of paper ... ... evidently seen that the Allies caused the Korean War and therefore, they must be faulted for the greatest cause of the Korean War. Due to the Potsdam Conference this triggered the cause of the division and Korea didn’t have strong governmental powers after they were liberated from Japan.
Throughout the early 1950’s the Korean Peninsula was a location with much civil unrest and violence. For this reason, it is a miracle that the Korean Armistice Agreement was actually mutually agreed upon by North and South Korea. Even with the constant complications, and early opposition surrounding the Korean Armistice Agreement, the aid of Dwight D Eisenhower made this unrealistic attempt of peace a reality. During 1950 there was much opposition to the thought of ending the Korean War. While the United States of America and the United Nations Command sought out to peacefully end the war, both North Korea and South Korea were hell-bent towards unifying the Korean peninsula in their own image.