Sources of Electricity

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In order to explain what is electricity, first we must start off with talking about an atom. An atom is made up of protons neutrons, and electrons. The protons (positive charge) and neutrons (neutral charge) form the nucleus, while the electrons (negative charge) orbit around the nucleus. The atom is considered balanced if the protons and electrons are the same. But, if the atom loses or gains an electron it becomes an unbalanced atom. Losing electrons makes the atom have a positive charge because there are more positively charged protons than electrons. Gaining electrons make the atom have a negative charge because there are more negatively charged electrons than protons. Since there’s a missing electron, either the electron that was lost looks for another atom with a missing electron to join or the atom with the missing atom will look for a lone electron to pair join to it. The transfer of electrons is what causes electricity. When the electrons move from one atom to another they create a flow or current of electricity. Scientists are able to purposely make atoms lose their electrons, so that they make electricity. (www.energyquest.ca.gov) There are many different sources to create electricity. Some better than others for various reasons but all the major ways to make electricity are nuclear fission, nuclear fusion , solar panels, oil, coal, wind turbine, tidal energy, biomass, natural gas, geothermal, hydro-electric, magnetic, and fuel cell. Nuclear fission involves taking a Uranium atom and splitting the nucleus in half, which then creates a lot of power. (www.energyquest.ca.gov) Pros • Doesn’t require much fuel to do • Creates very large amounts of energy • No air pollution • Uranium can be found anywhe... ... middle of paper ... ...by fission Fossil Fuels(Natural Gas, Oil, and Coal): Fossil fuels are one of most popular ways of making electricity. All are bad for the environment and contribute to global warming. They are all being used up, as it is not renewable. There is no point in putting a lot of money into something that will eventually run out. 1)Natural Gas a. 4 million for maintaining current natural gas power plants 2)Oil a. 2 million for maintaining current oil power plants 3)Coal a. 2 million for maintaining current coal power plants Magnetic energy: Magnet generators use magnetic energy to create electricity. Not much research to do since they have been around for a while and are a pretty straight forward technology. a. 2 million on creating more advanced magnet generators. Works Cited http://www.energyquest.ca.gov/story/chapter02.html
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