Ever wish chocolate was healthy and could have the same nutrients and vitamins as fruit and vegetables? Food, one of three necessities of life, affects every living organism on Earth. Although some foods are disliked because of taste or health issues, recent discovery will open up new prosperities and growth in agriculture. Genetic engineering has the capability to make foods taste better, increase nutrient value, and even engineer plants to produce aids for deadly health issues. Every day the progress, understanding, and development of genetic engineering is digging deeper and with this knowledge virtually anything is possible.
Genetic engineering is a way in which specific genes for an animal or plant can be extracted, and reproduced to form a new animal or plant. These new organisms will express the required trait for that gene. This practice is a very controversial topic within the scientific world. It is being implemented in various areas such as agriculture even though there are many alternatives that can be found for genetic engineered crops, such as organic materials and reducing leeching of the soil. The controversy regarding this practice occurs as it is believed to contribute both negative and positive implications and dangers, not only to oneself but the environment as a whole.
Scientists have been changing genomes of plants and animals by integrating new genes from a different species through genetic engineering, creating a genetically modified organism (GMO). Consumers in America have been eating GMOs since 1996, when they went on the market. There are benefits to genetically modifying crop plants, as it improves the crop quality and increases yield, affecting the economy and developing countries. But there are also negative effects from GMOs. Consumption of GMOs has various health effects on both body systems of animals and humans.
According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the agriculture health of the United States requires the concurrent feasibility, or coexistence of organic crops and genetically modified crops (Keifer 1241). The coexistence of these two crops has been threatened by gene flow. The modified crops spread their genes to the non-modified crops. This threatens the organic status and ... ... middle of paper ... ...Works Cited Charman, Karen. Genetically Engineered Food: Promises & Perils.
Introduction Genetic engineering involves manual modification of genetic material in most cases DNA, which is modified within a plant or animal. Biotechnology has developed due to further understanding of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which is a double helix structure from which genomes are coded. In the last few years, genetic engineering, which involves altering DNA, has become a controversial discussion topic due to its benefits, such as improving nutritional quality and growth of crops, and disadvantages, e.g. potential toxicity and creation of new pathogens (Uzogara, 2000). This is a major concern to society due to the inconclusive studies related to the health and environmental impact of genetically modified crops are good or bad.
In order to understand the controversy of genetically engineered crops one must understand what genetic engineering or genetic modification is: “GMO are organisms that are generated by combining genes of different species using recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology. Resulting organisms are then said to be transgenic, genetically engineered or genetically modified (GM). This group of organisms includes... plants.” (Celec et al., 2005) The genetic modification of crops and plants was created so that crops could, “... protect themselves against insects and disease, to feed and vaccinate people at the same time, to flourish in poor soil and drought, or to improve the quantity and bioavailability of individual nutrients.” (Roberts, Struble, McCullum-Gomez, Wilkins, 2006). These benefits may seem to outweigh the risks and in reality they do, however this does not mean the consumer should not be notified of the risks they are taking. The hallmark of our free society demands that the consumer be able to choose whether or not they want to eat something that may have health risks product labeling that identifies GMO ingredients allows for consumers to choose a particular product while ensuring that the producer feel more at ease with the way they disclose information and promote their product.
Gul, Hafiza Tahira. "Potential of Nanotechnology in Agriculture and Crop Protection: A Review." Academia.edu. Bzujournal, 23 Jan. 2014. Web.
“Benefits and risks associated with genetically modified food products.” Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine. 2013. Web. 6 May. 2014.
Cloning farm animals for agricultural purposes has been a controversial topic since the first mammal, Dolly, was cloned. Many people argue that cloning farm animals can improve livestock. But many also argue that cloning farm animals is dangerous and can lead to serious issues. Banning cloning on farm animals will not only benefit the animals that are experimented on, but it can prevent risks that could appear in humans from ingesting the food made from the cloned animals. Although leading scientists such as Lauren Pecorino from Action Bioscience advocate cloning farm animals in order to increase food production, researchers from the American Anti-Vivisection Society and other nationally recognized research institutes support ending farm animal cloning because not only do the animals themselves suffer physical degeneration and premature death, potential health issues can also arise in humans as a result of consuming these genetically engineered foods.