The United States has developed procedures to ensure crimes are not committed. Those who chose to commit a crime will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law. Solitary confinement is used as a way to control a prisoner’s connection to the outside world. In extreme cases law officials have used solitary confinement as a way to punish those who have violated the law by limiting the criminal’s contact with the outside world, worsening the mental and physical health on an inmate, and even causes the inmates to go insane and mutilate themselves. Solitary confinement is a practiced used by prison guards to punish that are incarcerated inside the prisons.
The goals of incarceration according to penological principles are incapacitation, rehabilitation, retribution, and deterrence. When exploring the outcomes of a time served in a supermax facility, rehabilitation can be immediately ruled out. Supermax facilities have been said to be potentially damaging to an inmate’s mental health and inflict irrational emotions of rage and lead an individual to lose touch with reality (Haney, 2003). Incapacitation is achieved through the incarceration of inmates in supermax facilities. Inmates are removed from society, preventing future crime.
If these workers decided that the prisoner is not mentally ill they get pushed along. “Given the limited capacity of the prison to provide help, the workers "…have no choice but to look… for the ‘seriously crazy… If they can talk, even if they are squirrely, they are moved on” (Rhodes, 2004, 102). The ideas and social practices of the prison guards effect how they decide if the prisoners are “mad” or “bad”. Then the prison guards will ask themselves if the odd behavior of the prisoner is a sign of underlining disturbances or if they are willingly acting that way to resists their environment (Rhodes, 2004). A lot of the behavior in the control unit could be considered odd but the underlining issues and intentions are what they prison guard has to try to understand.
The system of Criminal Justice is structure to put criminals away but sometimes they tend to put the wrong people away. Many innocent individuals are put in prison every day for a crime they did not commit. This shows the system is not structure and well organized as it should be because many people are in jail due to false imprisonment. In the movie “Shawshank Redemption” there were a lot of issues that man prison facilities attend to annoy if it did not benefit their needs. The main issues staff and the parole board try to ignore is the physical and sexual abuse that goes on in the prison by other inmates including staff as well.
There are several studies conducted on the physical and mental impacts on the inmate population who were exposed to excessive time periods (studies indicate more than 15 consecutive days is cruel, inhumane and harmful (Older prisoners, pg 1) in solitary confinement. One study in particular indicates, “the data that exists on American prisons can be combined with global data, allowing for some reasonably firm conclusions to be drawn. The effects of the total isolation in many supermax prisons are startling. A very high number of inmates in solitary confinement get severe headaches. Other physical symptoms are chest pains, weight loss, diarrhea, dizziness, and fainting.
Whether this idea that has become a practice is justifiable or not, you need to be able to see better behavior in the prisoners and whether or not it will stop other inmates towards one another. Conditions of living play a huge role in solitary confinement and they may differ from state ... ... middle of paper ... ...y fail to complete it. He goes on to say that the amount of time inmates spend in solitary confinement is because to their behavior and are penalized to it. One might also argue that solitary is a great way to separate prison gan gs. After all many of the inmates are imprisoned due to serious offenses not only just gangs.
Prisoners follow a strict rules and schedules while following the culture within the walls among other prisoners. As a result of their crimes, convicts lose their freedom and are place among others who suffer the same fate. Crime is the cause of this establishment, but what are the effects of incarceration on convicts, their relations, and society? As the United States incarceration rate continues to increase, more people are imprisoned behind prison walls. While serving as a punishment to criminals, incarceration can create psychological and economic problems, and society suffers due to the expenses of maintaining prisons.
The psychological impact of incarceration can be very large for inmates. According to the U.S Department of Justice (2000,2013),”a total of 4,446 inmates died in 2013, an increase of 131 deaths since 2012”Inmates can become lonely or bored and find things to do to themselves, for instance, causing self-harm. “Detained youths have significant mental health needs, with the majority meeting the diagnostic criteria for a mental health disorder, compares with only 15% to 20% of the general adolescent population” states( Alabama 2015). First off, prison systems need to be set up better so that inmates can serve their time and move on with their lives. If
Pelican Bay Supermax Pelican Bay Supermax After listening to and or reading the transcripts of Locked Down: Gangs in the Supermax by Michael Montgomery, one gets a glimpse of prison life, sociological issues inmates and staff face, and the subculture of prison life faced by staff and prisoners alike on a daily basis. However, instead of delving completely in to the situational circumstances of prisoner life, it is more important to understand the history of this Supermax prison and why it was constructed to begin with. Further, it is important to understand the philosophy of the need for the Secure Housing Unit, which is the most secure and isolated portion of Pelican Bay Prison. Pelican Bay Prison was designed, constructed and finally opened in Northern California in December 1989 at a cost of 217.5 million dollars. It was designed to accommodate 3384 prisoners, of which 2280 may be assigned to solitary confinement and another 1056 to the Secure Housing Unit or “SHU.” These housing numbers however are typically greater and often exceed the designed accommodation by more than 1000.
Therefore, Solitary confinement causes permanent harm to prisoner mental health. Everyone who ever been in solitary confinement come out with personality disorder. While being in solitary confinement, prisoners develop anxiety, depression, fear, irrational anger, suicidal ideation, social withdrawal, and mood swings. Prisoners can be murders but they don’t deserve to be tortured by putting them in a solitary confinement. Solitary confinement supposedly to be correct prisoner’s behavior, but what they don’t realize is they aren’t correcting but making it worse.