Solar Energy Is More Environment Friendly

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Solar energy is more environment friendly. This alternative source does not rely on the incineration of carbon substances to produce energy in contrast to the commonly used fossil fuels and therefore, does not aggravate the air and water pollution issues that the world is currently facing. Solar energy also has only a few detrimental effects to society and these can be easily eradicated by modern technology and strict regulation. During the energy production process, solar factories release toxic chemicals; however, these chemicals do not pose a threat because there are already solutions that can remedy this situation. Aside from this, solar power is categorized into renewable energy; hence, it does not incur the damages that are usually sustained when utilizing fossil fuels. Producing fossil fuel energy involves hazardous activities, such as mining, drilling, ground clearing, and waste disposal, which could be destructive to both humans and the environment. Mining causes soil erosion, which could exterminate soil organisms and destroy aquatic ecosystems. The method of land reclamation is not a solution because the chemical properties of reclaimed mine soils have been immensely altered and so this method cannot guarantee the regrowth of native flora. The Bagacay Mine in Hinabangan, Western Samar, Philippines serves as an example of the destruction caused by mining. The reports show that the area is devoid of vegetation, narrower creeks, and unstable slopes that could cause landslides along with the siltation of drainage systems (Mines and Geosciences Bureau & Mining Environment and Safety Division, n.d.). In addition to these, mining is perilous to the laborers. An investigation by Goodstein (2005) revealed that the death toll of coal mining in England alone exceeded more than 100,000 during the second half of the 19th century. Oil drilling has negative impacts as well; it contributes to pollution through oil spills, gas flares, and waste discharges. The Niger delta located in Africa is one of the largest wetlands in the world and it has become devastated because of oil exploitation and exploration. Between 1993 and mid – 2007, 35 incidences of oil spills have been recorded. These are disastrous because oil spills discharge hydrocarbons into the soil and water sources and contaminates crops along with marine ecosystems. Oil spillage also prevents the absorption of oxygen in mangroves and ultimately leads to death. Gas flares also releases hydrocarbon compounds such as methane and sulphurous oxides, which contributes to the greenhouse gases.

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