For instance, Crito says he has rich friends that will help Socrates leaves Athens. Socrates questions Crito about exile, because Socrates believed that banishment is defying the law. I do not agree with Socrates because he is given two choices, eviction or death. However, my personal perspective is that both men are right and wrong, Socrates should not escape because of his moral values; however, there is nothing wrong with exile. Socrates believed in many things; for example, believing in the after life, and not fixing injustice with additional injustice.
Because he dismantled all of Crito’s arguments, he proved that there is no reason not to follow the laws. The laws raised him. He... ... middle of paper ... ... said by King is that, “Society must protect the robbed and punish the robber.” So, although he may have felt that it was wrong for Socrates to be in jail, and that society was punishing the wrong person, he believed that it was like a march and therefore a positive thing for Socrates to do. With this, I feel that he would agree with the Laws of Athens because they are just laws themselves. It was man that put Socrates in jail and made him drink hemlock, not the laws.
In his refusal to accept exile from Athens or a commitment of silence as a penalty, he chooses death and is thrown into prison. While Socrates is awaiting his execution, many of his friends, including Crito, arrive with a foolproof plan for his escape from Athens to live in exile voluntarily. Socrates calmly debates with each friend over the moral value and justification of such an act. “...people who do not know you and me will believe that I might have saved you if I had been willing to give money, but that I did not care.” -Crito (Wolff 37). Crito believed that by helping Socrates to escape, he could go on to fulfill his personal obligations.
The writer however, feels that it was a wise decision for Socrates to simply condemn the jury and accept his fate. In a statement the writer states, “Socrates had agreed to abide by whatever Athens required of him in return.” Analyzing Socrates commitment and obligation to Athens is vital. However, his decision not to escape and flee are reasonable, but his acceptance of his unjustly sentencing is not. Therefore, Socrates’ decision to not act on an illegitimate sentencing was foolish and as a citizen he should have appealed his
Crito is quick to point out that they have many friends that can help Socrates out and take him in. Crito is worried that people will form opinions of him regarding him caring more for his money than his friend. Socrates believes that since he lived a fulfilling and content life in Athens, that he should be okay with the end result regarding the laws of city. While his choice is a bit submissive, the fact remains that Socrates is being help in prison under false convictions and thus a decision must be made by the reader as to whether or not Socrates could break out and not actually break the laws. Crito mentions that if Socrates is to make no attempt at escaping, he will leave his sons without a father.
He then draws the conclusion that escaping prison would harm the citizens, laws, and whole city of Athens (50b). As Athens is his home, Socrates feels he owes everything to his city, he feels compelled to follow the laws and decisions of its courts. He likens a home city to a parent, saying that to bring violence against one’s city would be sacrilegious as it would be with a parent (51c). In Socrates’ mind he would not wrong Athens because it made him the man he stands to be. All the knowledge, wisdom, and high regard he holds is because of Athens, and so he refuses to
Euthypro early in the conversation even compares himself as being likewise in thought with Socrates. Euthypro tells Socrates that the people are jealous of them and they must be brave in approaching them. Then instantly as a true hypocrite, Euthypro takes a step back when he tells Socrates that he is never likely to anger the people in Athens as he does. Since they obviously think alike, the difference is that Socrates is willing to openly speak the truth of his mind regardless of the consequences, while Euthypro out of fear for his way of life barely publicly shares his thoughts. Since Euthypro isn’t willing to go out in public, he could never be accused like Socrates of corrupting anyone since no one hears him.
Plato’s Apology takes place when Socrates is put on trial in front of the city of Athen’s leaders. It is here Plato speaks his own version of a speech given by Socrates to defend himself. Socrates makes it as clear as he can that he is not afraid of the death sentence verdict he is given and that if he did not receive it, he would continue to question life the way he always has. No signs of fear or anxiety are evident during his speech, which creates a very bold and brave front. Socrates wants to avoid causing himself unnecessary suffering, although he is not afraid of death.
After he is wrongly convicted to death, he still accepts the terms of his punishment. Just as King says, you must accept the punishment that you receive for causing the act civil disobedience. Socrates accepts the ultimate punishment when he could have easily broken out of prison and escaped death. In order for him to prove his point that people should question their own beliefs and listen to others beliefs open mindedly in order to strengthen their moral principles, he must accept the consequence. Socrates is always questioning his own moral principles and is open to change if he finds any flaws within them.
Socrates was being guided by his moral beliefs when he decided not to escape from prison. Socrates informs us of his principle when he says, “[…] my first principle, that neither injury nor retaliation not warding off evil by evil is ever right.”(1). Retaliation and injuring other people is what Socrates did not lived by. For this reason, Socrates knew that if he were to escape, the state would prosecute his family and friends. Consequently, Socrates was afraid that the state would harm his family by depriving them of property or citizenship.