Socrates is a martyr because a martyr is defined as someone who takes his or her own life for the sake of someone else. Socrates displays martyrdom because he died for the sake of his friends. Socrates dies for the sake of his friends in order to show them that they should not fear death. He explains to his friends, throughout Phaedo that the soul is immortal, and he uses logical arguments to prove that it’s... ... middle of paper ... ...ues that our bodies are considered a particular, because when we die, unlike our souls, our bodies are gone forever. Throughout this paper, I argued that Socrates is a martyr, because he spent his entire life preparing for death and explained to his friends that there is nothing to fear about death, because, in the end, our souls will live on.
He states that the body is a constant impediment to a philosopher in their search for the truth. Socrates says that the body “fills us with wants, desires, fears, all sorts of illusions and much nonsense, so that… no thought of any kind ever comes to us from the [it].” (66, c). He claims that philosophy itself is “training for dying” and philosophers purify their souls by detaching it from the body (67, e). Socrates concludes that it would be unreasonable for a philosopher to fear death because they will obtain the truth they sought in life upon the separation of their body and soul, or death (67, c). After successfully proves the soul’s immortality, Socrates goes on to tell his companions a myth.
On the other side he can be seen as an ingenious man who questioned what many thought was the unquestionable. As he can be criticized for disregarding the many's ideals he can also be applauded for rising above the daily ways of popular thought. He questioned the laws that he thought were wrong and, to his death, never backed down in what he believed in. People may see that as stupidity or as heroism, the beauty of it is that either way people saw it, Socrates wouldn't care. Socrates lived in a political system.
Although Socrates’s physical life was ended prematurely, he has arguably never died as his legacy lives on. Becoming a martyr holds a certain weight that cannot be attained from anything else. Socrates literally died for what he believed in, making him seem even more dedicated to the public sphere. If a man is willing to die for what he believes in, those who survive him will investigate his beliefs to learn what made them so profound. If anything, the evil they put him through by means of false accusations propelled his legacy more than his teachings.
Socrates was a man who stuck to his commitment to truth, morality and philosophy over life. He had a great commitment to his state, therefore by disobeying it, he would be committing suicide in a sense. If Socrates had disobeyed his state, he would never be allowed to enter it again, nor would any other allow him to live peacefully. His arguments throughout the whole dialogue were very strong. Socrates looked out for his state, while Crito’s arguments were based on himself and how others would view him.
An Examination of Socrates' Attitude Towards Death and Dying When presented with a problem or argument Socrates, the philosopher, attacked most issues with a relatively disingenuous attitude. A question or idea would be presented and he would automatically respond with either another question or a new philosophy for his opposite party to ponder. These were the ways of Socrates, an intelligent yet humble man who knew the limits of his knowledge. And through his passion for knowledge and quest for the meaning of life, Socrates often stumbled across the theme of death and dying. Now of course the natural human instinct when presented with the idea of death is to run away from the problem and dismiss such thoughts from ones head.
I shall never alter my ways, not even if I have to die many times" (Plato 35-36). Here, Socrates threatens the public by stating that if he were to be killed they would be unjustly taking away a man's life; they would also be missing out on the teachings that he has to offer ( Plato 36). He refuses to give up his practice of honest philosophy, which would potentially better the community. The method by which he approaches the situation may not be appropriate since it portrays him as [egocentric] why so? Unclear.
This would eradicate the moral reputation that Socrates had built for himself throughout his life. The question he would have asked himself would have been, "What kind of example would I be setting if I dishonored my own teachings?" He saw his punishment as a contract between he and the government, and he firmly believed that agreements should not be broken. This is the same government that allowed him to live life as he chose, so why harm an institution that benefited him?
In both Plato’s Apology and Crito, Plato presents Socrates arguments clearly and precisely. Socrates is wise man with a different perspective on life, which presents us with a mass of contradictions. Socrates is an expressive man, yet he never recorded any works. He is ignorant, but wrongfully convicted who is willing to fight his unjust execution. Behind these dilemmas is an opposition not often explored.
Despite all the knowledge he held, Socrates considered himself to be ignorant because he knew there were things he could learn from. He brought this to the oracle and was shown that what he considered a lack of wisdom, the oracle called his greatest strength. Through acknowledging that he can improve and learn, no matter how intelligent he is, he is wise. While... ... middle of paper ... ...eks will face. Their goal in placing him on trial was not to destroy Socrates but rather to destroy Philosophy and free thinking, an impossible task.