Hackett, Indianapolis: 1981. Reeve, C. D. C. Socrates in the Apology: An Essay on Plato's Apology of Socrates. Hackett, Indianapolis: 1989. Stone, Isidor. F. The Trial of Socrates.
Socrates then went to all men who thought themselves wise, and upon speaking with each of these wise men he discovered an issue with their claim. The mistake Socrates makes here has nothing to with his theory or with the practice he used in testing his hypothesis. Socrates makes a blunder in his defense - the problem is that the men before him are entirely aware what he did, because they are the type of men, and possible they very same men Socrates fought with and told them they know nothing.These men fancy to know what they do not according to Socrates: Lawyers, Politicians, Poets, Artisans – essentially every type of person who might have the afternoon off to see this trail, or maybe even serve as judges. An action any attorney would advise against, shortly after finishing his opening argument Socrates ridicules everyone in Athens who claims to know something. Socrates is on trial
He developed a method by which he would win every debate. His favorite hobby was going to the marketplace and debating philosophical issues with other men in front of an audience. The result of these debates was that Socrates embarrassed the wise men in front of the crowd. This caused many to dislike him. After being named the wisest man, Socrates attempted to prove that this was not true.
New York: Penguin Books, 1990. Plato. Apology of Socrates. Translated by Thomas G. West and Grace Starry West in Four Texts on Socrates. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.
Plato's Republic: A Philosophical Commentary. New York: St. Martin's Press. Pappas, Nickolas, 1995. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Republic. London: Routledge Rowe, Christopher, 1995.
Socrates was one of the most influential thinkers in the West, even though he left no writings of himself, it was possible to reconstruct an accurate account of his life from the writings of his Greek students because he always engaged them. He was a man with a very strong conviction because he lived his life for the pursuit of knowledge, true wisdom, God’s will, and piety. Though he never wrote anything, his soul source of knowledge about him came from one of his students, Plato. Socrates was born in 469 B.C. in a village on the slopes of Mount Lycabettus, where his father was a sculptor and his mother a midwife.
In ancient Athens, citizens believed in many gods and myths associated with them. There was no evidence whatsoever to back up their religious claims. (Fiero) Philosophy to Socrates was the soul’s pursuit of salvation, signifying that Socrates was somewhat of a religious individual. (Palacios) He believed that he was guided by God, and occasionally was inspired by his divine presence. In fact, according to Plato’s Defense of Socrates, Socrates said that a god swayed him into not involving himself in politics.
Colaiaco, James A. Socrates against Athens: Philosophy on Trial. New York: Routledge, 2001. Print. Plato, selection from The Apology (from N.M. Bailkey Readings in Ancient History (D.C. Heath and Co, 1992), pp. 242-252)
In Plato’s eyes, Socrates was an idol, a saint, a prophet and a master in philosophy.1 However, others viewed him as a pathetic, ugly and annoying man. The reason why people didn't like him was because his mission in life was to approach people with prestigious positions and experts in their fields and to question them until he proved that all their beliefs were false (prove them wrong).This way of questioning people and making them doubt and contradict themselves was identified as the Socratic method which apparently inspired the well-known scientific method. He believed that the greatest quality of man is examining himself and others, to always try to grow and reach our utmost potential. He would say, “The unexamined life is not worth living.”2. He believed to be a moral hero, a teacher to the people of Athens and a messenger/prophet of the gods of Athens.