Sociology In Sociology

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Sociologists analyze everything in society in their own unique way. Sociologists such as August Comte, Herbert Spencer, and Emile Durkheim look at social phenomena from many different perspectives and at different levels. However, they do all share the fact they all contributed something to sociology. August Comte is credited with coining the term sociology. Emile Durkheim had a lot to do with the term sociology, and he was a major part of structural functionalism. Also Herbert Spencer was one of the major figures in the intellectual life of the Victorian era. When talking about sociology, there is a micro level analysis of small social patterns and a macro level of analysis of large social patterns. There are three primary theoretical perspectives: the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. Symbolic interactionism is the use of symbols; face to face interactions and is a micro of level analysis. Functionalism and conflict theory are macro level of analysis. Functionalism is a relationship between the parts of society and how aspects of society are functional. Conflict theory is a competition for scarce resources; how the elite control the poor and weak. The symbolic interactionist perspective is also knows as symbolic interactionism. “It directs sociologists to consider the symbols and details of everyday life, what these symbols mean, and how people interact with each other.” George H. Mead was the sociologist that introduced this perspective to American sociology in the 1920s. According to the symbolic interactionist viewpoint, people adhere meanings to emblems, and then they proceed according to their subjective interpretation of these emblems. Verbal dialogues, in wh... ... middle of paper ... and women. The question here would be “How does marriage benefit men and women unequally?” They would say that marriage and family, as practiced in our society, tend to subjugate women to some degree. Although this may be changing, marriage and family have, they would say, traditionally been a way for men to maintain their dominance. From the symbolic interactionist perspective, every marriage is different. The question that fits this perspective would be “What do people think marriage means?” Marriage is, essentially, what people make of it. There can be marriages in which one of the partners feels subjugated to the other. However, there can also be marriages in which the partners fulfill and complete one another. Symbolic interactionism is a very micro-level perspective and so it sees marriage as something that differs from relationship to relationship.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that sociologists analyze everything in society in their own unique way. august comte, herbert spencer, and emile durkheim all contributed to sociology.
  • Explains that the symbolic interactionist perspective is also known as symbolic interactionism. george h. mead introduced this perspective to american sociology in the 1920s.
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