Sociology And Ethnocentrism

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Sociology is the study of groups of people and how they interact with each other. The scientific study of social life, social change, social causes and the consequences of human behavior. Sociology is a science because it uses the scientific method to establish truth. The term of sociology is taken from the words “socio” and “logos," socio means society and logos mean science. Therefore, sociology is a study of human interaction in a social life. Sociologists seek to analyze and explain why people interact with others and belong to groups. They also examine the causes of social problems and how they can be addressed. Events in our social world affect our individual lives. Many individual problems are rooted in social or public issues. Social…show more content…
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one 's own culture. To consider it’s own cultural expectations as right, proper, and superior to others. In the workbook, Social Reality, it says it is quite possible that a biologically ingrained love for family and distrust of strangers is at the root of ethnocentrism. If you take the term apart you have the words "Ethnic" which means culture and heritage, and the word “Centrism” which refers to the center of something. The word "centrism" characterizes the thoughts of a group, or a nation toward itself as being in the center. Ethnocentric beliefs hold groups together and help members feel they belong to a group. Promotes loyalty, unity, high morale and conformity to the rules of society. It can lead to misunderstandings between people of different cultures. Our culture may see another as wrong and insane for their beliefs. In my own society, today many are starting to realize how important it is to accept those who are different. Ethnocentrism is not all hostile, just sometimes a reaction to the strange ways of other cultures compared to our…show more content…
The goal is to learn the purposes and consequences of practices and behaviors of the group being studied, instead of judging cultural practices and social behavior as good or bad. This term does not require that social scientists accept all the beliefs and behaviors of the societies they study. Some behaviors or idea from other cultures can be difficult to understand, being tolerant and understanding is not always easy. It can be difficult to maintain when we 're confronted with cultures whose practices or beliefs conflict with our own. Though imposing these values on people with a different culture is ethnocentric and, therefore, has become controversial. A key component of cultural relativism is the concept that nobody, not even researchers, comes from a neutral position. The way to deal with our own assumptions is not to pretend that they don 't exist but rather to acknowledge them, and then use the awareness that we are not neutral to inform our conclusions. Sociologist study these other cultures to understand why their beliefs, values, rules and language are different. By doing so we open up so much more and learn from the upbringing and culture of others. As for how we differentiate and how we are
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