Quantitative and Qualitative are two different forms of research that complement each other either from a numerical standpoint or a descriptive one. Quantitative research comes from a numerical perspective and qualitative research comes from more of a descriptive perspective, though they cannot be described with these specific terms, they need to be elaborated on to get more of an overall understanding.
The scientific method allows us to answer a question by following a series of steps. It consist of formulating a question, hypothesis, Testing or collecting data and finally analysis and conclusion. (Texas A&M University Geography Department) These steps helped in the understanding of the lab and allowed us to provide the correct information in regards
In order to understand the production of sociological knowledge one must first examine the thought processes that lay behind each piece of research. Before a particular subject matter is researched, the researcher firstly makes certain assumptions about that matter. These assumptions differ dependent on the theoretical approach that is taken. They can be divided into three logical areas, namely ontology, epistemology and methodology.
When performing research, the most common technique used is the scientific method, in which there are five steps. The first step is to determine the problem in which to solve and the second step is to develop a hypothesis for this scientific problem. The third step is testing this hypothesis, while the forth step is to record observations. Furthermore, the last step of the ...
In their sociological study, authors Amelia M. Arria, and Robert L. DuPont (2010) explore the topic of illicit non-medical prescription stimulant use among college students. Their research findings outline the non-medical use of stimulants such as Adderall, Ritalin, and Concerta among university students. Arria and DuPont (2010) also propose a possible approach to tackle the growing problem within the student community. These stimulant prescription drugs are originally prescribed to those who suffer from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). These drugs are adversely sought out by students who may not be succeeding academically (Arria, DuPont). The authors begin by defining the current issues aiding in the prevalence of stimulant
According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary the scientific method is defined as “principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowledge involving the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observation and experiment, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.” The scientific method is used across many spectrums in business scenarios, politics, and typical everyday situations. The first part of the method is to determine the problem. Once the problem is determined the next step is to ask a question, this stage of the process is known as formulating a hypothesis. Oxford dictionary describes hypothesis as “a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting
Sociologists have different types of research methods they can use to acquire data. The various forms of research methods include surveys, ethnography, experiments, biographical research and historical analysis. These research methods are quantitative or qualitative. Quantitative research methods measure social phenomena by using statistical measures. Whereas qualitative research methods to gather rich, detailed data.
From a sociological viewpoint, social problems are viewed from an objective and subjective reality, and the perspective is social constructionism. A social problem does not have to be the problem of the entire population. It could be the problem of just one person. The objective reality of a social problem is based on the acknowledgement that there is an actual problem (Sociology and the Study of Social Problems, 2014). In order to confirm an objective reality, surveillance is conducted in which the data in interpreted to identify problems. The degree of the social problem can be observed through acts and problems within the community without having to be a part of the problem itself.
According to Giddens, all researches take place because of the existence of a research problem. A sociologist might observe the developments in the society or the complex behavior of various people around him and do a research on it. This is how sociological research begins. Statistics, languages and the social movement of societies help the researchers to carry on their research. One research might often lead to another result because of the various other issues raised in the previous research. But the important question here is that how do these sociologists
The scientific method follows a predictable pattern of asking questions, testing those questions, and then drawing conclusions from the tests that were conducted. Any research begins with a question, which is the basis of the scientific method. From there, research must be conducted to determine what testing has already been done in regards to the selected question. This helps scientists avoid repeating testing unnecessarily and can help direct their testing. Using the gathered information, the researchers can then construct a hypothesis. A hypothesis is a statement about what is expected to happen. This is followed by designing an experiment to test the hypothesis. During the experiment, it is important to keep as many factors as possible identical, with the exception of the one factor that is being tested. After the experiment, any findings should be analyzed to decide whether the hypothesis was correct, incorrect, or somewhere in-between.
'Making and remaking' refers to the way in which people consume, communicate and experience, and the way these actions reflect on society as a whole. Small groups such as the ones discussed in this work can be microcosmic indications of groups and communities at large, and can provide a reasonably accurate representation of how societies interact at large. Because society is diverse and ever-changing, connections and disconnections are made within groups and with society at large, and differences (which (Blakely and Staples, 2014, p.25) describes as “contrasts between groupings of people, such as those based on gender, class, age...and race or ethnicity”) and inequalities, (which (Blakely and Staples, 2014, p.13) describes as “The unequal
Qualitative and quantitative research have many differences. Qualitative is exploratory, interpretive, subjective, descriptive, emergent, looks to produce or reach a hypothesis by what is observed, has unknown variables, is flexible, and uses personal views. Qualitative research is confirmatory, predictive, objective, deduces and test the hypothesis, has known variables, is not flexible, but is a fixed, static designed to control variables, and tries to be bias-free. Qualitative research collects data through interviews, observation, surveys, review of artifacts, and self inqu...
To properly use the tools, one must adequately comply to the rules. Such as that, are the bindings of sociological research. Sociological research, being a very important topic of study being as it pertains to society of both modern day and the past, requires accuracy as it may be the foundation for many conclusions and further research beyond such conclusion. When it comes to sociological research, regardless of the focused segment of study, there are rules and tools to ensure reliability and credibility. However, much like how a pickaxe cannot properly be used in place of a shovel, the tools of research, more properly known as research methods, have their proper application and can also potentially be used in the wrong ways.
The qualitative and quantitative research methods are divided by many fundamental differences. You could suggest that these two research methods represent the two different ends of a linear spectrum. Qualitative research looks to deal with the in depth, word based side of research whereas on the other end of the spectrum quantitative research works predominantly with number based research and statistics. Birley and Moreland (1998) support this by saying that “the two methodologies reflect various paradigms and that the theoretical model that each method uses to conduct the research come from different areas”.
Qualitative and quantitative research methods take different approaches to gathering and analysing information. Whether it is a qualitative or quantitative study, the research study begins with a question or series of questions. Both use rigorously designed studies to get the most accurate, detailed and complete results. Qualitative studies common methods are interviews, surveys and observation. A qualitative study aims to provide a detailed description of the study results, often using pictures and written descriptions to describe what the research revealed. A qualitative study looks at the big picture, helping researchers to narrow in on points of interest that then can be followed up on in a quantitative study. While a quantitative study has a narrower focus, it attempts to provide a detailed explanation of the study focus, along with this using numbers and statistics. And the results from a quantitative study can reveal bigger questions that call for qualitative study. Or vice versa a qualitative study may reveal at analysis that a more focus and direct approach may be needed. With both methods analysis is a key part of any study whether qualitative or quantitative.