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Sociological Approach Sociology Essay

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1107 words
1107 words
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Many sociologists question, whether the sociological approach is an appropriate discipline to undertake when studying society. As society and individuals are continually changing it makes researching our social world much more difficult. Especially when choosing the correct method to utilize if wanting to achieve appropriate results. Although, sociology is viewed as a form of science the research methodologies differ. Nevertheless, when studying about society, sociology is seen as effective, however, various scientific methods may be used to organize the research and gain the most accurate results.

A sociologist 's main interest is to observe and explain society, therefore the research procedure is key and must be taken seriously. Meaning, …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that sociologists question whether the sociological approach is an appropriate discipline to undertake when studying society. as society and individuals are constantly changing it makes researching our social world much more difficult.
  • Explains that a sociologist's main interest is to observe and explain society, therefore the research procedure is key and must be taken seriously.
  • Explains that the first step when using the scientific method is to identify the problem or area of interest. sociologists do not rule out any topic when formulating the research subject.
  • Explains that research methodologies such as interviews, questionnaires, and observations may not provide accurate information. hawthorne works commenced a study to determine whether light affects the worker's productivity.
  • Opines that surveys are a great form of quantitative data, although individuals from society may tamper with these forms of research methods as they may not take it seriously.
  • Analyzes how experiments are commonly used within scientific research as it allows research to be controlled which permits more data to a certain timeframe. the stanford prison experiment examined the effects of social settings and social roles on individuals.
  • Explains that secondary data analysis, conducted within sociological and scientific research, displays positives and negatives. literature reviews allow researchers to gain knowledge on the topic.
  • Explains that sociological research concludes with analysing the data and interpreting the results, but is not done within the scientific method.
  • Explains that sociologists juggle between the two methods and choose the one that is most appropriate for the research topic. although sociological research is complex, it provides reliable and valid results.

The research topic must not be too narrow nor too broad, as this will limit the area of study for the sociologist. However, when taking the sociological approach “sociologists do not rule out any topic” when formulating the research subject. Thus, making the sociological approach an appropriate discipline when identifying the area of study. This is then followed by a literature review which is done in both the scientific method and sociological approach this will aid the researcher with the hypothesis. Following this step would be choosing the research methodologies which is where differences occur within the two methods. This may challenge if the sociological approach is the appropriate discipline for the research process when studying society or is the scientific method more …show more content…

Literature reviews allow researchers to gain knowledge on the topic, in addition it is also “nonreactive, meaning it does not include direct contact with subjects and it will not influence the results” . However, there is no way to identify whether the data is accurate itself, also researchers may not acquire literature on their research topic. Due to these reasons secondary data analysis is not viewed as the most reliable or valid form of research for sociology. If the researcher was using the sociological approach, then the next step would be choosing a sample size. Therefore, allowing the researcher to pinpoint the age, race and gender they would prefer to study, this allows the sociologist to stay organized as well as gain reliable results. Research samples are not used within the scientific method which is a negative when studying about society as the research can be too broad and the results will not be as accurate.

Lastly, sociological research concludes with analysing the data and interpreting the results. This, however is not done within the scientific method as it just ends with presenting the results. Therefore, the scientific method does not provide a clear view as to why the results are in a certain way which is necessary when studying and understanding society. However, this all depends on the topic chosen which is why sociologists

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