Socioeconomic Status Essay

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Section 3: The impact of socioeconomic status on pregnancy and childcare Aim To examine the socioeconomic status of my study mother, Susan and assess whether she exhibits similar characteristics to other mothers in the same social class at a local, regional and national level. The effect of socioeconomic status on different aspects of pregnancy and childcare will be discussed. Introduction Significant health inequalities exist between different social classes. Moreover, lower social classes consistently describe their health as poorer in comparison to higher social classes [1]. Marmot’s central theory is that “the relationship between social circumstances and health is a graded one: the higher a person’s social position, the better his or her health” [2]. Social class is measured in several ways. Registrar General’s Classification groups different occupations into social classes according to their skill level. One of its weaknesses is that occupation is not always a good reflection of levels of income or poverty [3]. This flaw has prompted an attempt to construct a more satisfactory classification, the National Statistics Socio-economic Classification (NS-SEC) [4]. Both classifications are outlined in Table 1. Table 1: Occupational social class (SC) indices [5] Registrar General NS-SEC I Professional 1. Senior professionals/senior managers II Intermediate 2. Associate professionals/junior managers IIIN Skilled non-manual 3. Other administrative and clerical workers IIIM Skilled manual 4. Own account non-professional IV Semi-skilled manual 5. Supervisors, technicians and related workers V Unskilled manual 6. Intermediate workers 7. Other workers 8. Never worked/other inactive Alan and Susan are both white British and have ... ... middle of paper ... ...uences and outcomes with decreasing social class. Susan follows all of the trends for her social class. She consumes more than 5 portions of fruit and vegetables daily and also breastfeeds her baby. The data discussed throughout the report shows that mothers in higher social classes are more likely to follow a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables and to breast feed their babies. List of Tables Table 1: Occupational social class (SC) indices [5] 1 Table 2 Proportion of mothers who breast-feed by social class [6] 4 Table 3 The age of mothers who did and did not choose to breastfeed [6] 5 List of Figures Figure 1 Portions of fruit and vegetables consumed (all individuals by social class) [6] 2 Figure 2 Estimates of fruit and vegetable consumption in local areas of the North East [12] 3 Figure 3 The regional statistics of breastfeed initiation in England [18] 4

In this essay, the author

  • Aims to examine the socioeconomic status of their study mother, susan, and assess whether she exhibits similar characteristics to other mothers in the same social class at a local, regional and national level.
  • Explains that alan and susan are both white british and have been lived in high heaton since marriage, in a privately rented, semi-detached house.
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