Socioeconomic Populism: The Populist Measures of India and China

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Since time immemorial, policymakers have embraced the conventional economic wisdom that expansive fiscal and credit policies would accelerate growth and redistribute income. However, these policies do not necessarily result in high economic growth and an improved Human Development Index (HDI) because different countries respond differently to such policies. These policies could in fact cause crises resulting from galloping inflation and therefore be harmful to the welfare of the people of a country. Hence, the Government takes measures to ensure the betterment of their people during these crises. These measures taken by the Government is to ensure equality and inclusion of the ‘people’ against the elite, thus being called Populist Measures. This paper will examine the Populist Measures of India and China, comparing them and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses to find out which system of governance sustains a steady growth of socioeconomic populism. The paper will primarily examine; the populist measures of India and evaluate them in comparison to the populist measures in China. As the welfare ideologies are oft considered similar, this paper will help us to study populist measures in two different governance systems and suggest any changes that can be made in either structure. The paper will discuss welfare measures such as the Food security bill, Agricultural reforms, expenditure on education and infrastructure programs. The question addressed by this paper is whether populist measures will be able to sustain a democratic government such as that of India or whether such measures work better in communist state such as China; the importance lying within which form of government can afford to take up populist measures to incr... ... middle of paper ... ...realtime/2013/04/18/heres-how-much-poverty-has-declined-in-china/ http://unu.edu/publications/articles/redefining-poverty-in-china-and-india.html http://polsci.ku.dk/english/international_students/present_international_students/taking_exams/past_papers/populism___a_threat_or_a_challenge_for_the_democratic_system.pdf/ http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/populism.html http://www.oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/?p=15309 http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2013/08/indias-economy http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2013-09-27/thiruvananthapuram/42458720_1_udf-schemes-flagship-programmes http://retributions.nationalinterest.in/is-indian-politics-populist/ http://www.dailypioneer.com/columnists/usual-suspects/populist-politics--devastating-india.html http://tejas.iimb.ac.in/interviews/12.php http://www.indianexpress.com/news/why-india-is-turning-to-populism/443216/1

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