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Socioeconomic Impacts of HIV on Kenyan Health Care

Socioeconomic Impacts of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) on the Kenyan Health Care

Human Physiology (NSC2205)

Submitted on April 1st, 2014 to Dr. Apollo Maima

Table of Contents

Introduction 2

What is HIV? 2

Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS 2-3

Health Impacts of HIV 3

Impacts of HIV/AIDS

Social 3-4

Economic – Individual 5

Economic – Health Care 5-6

Recommendations 6-7

Conclusion 7

References 7-8

Introduction

What is HIV?

HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a lentivirus virus that attacks the immune system of the human causing the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus spreads through body fluids that affect specific immune system cells known as CD4 cells or T cells (Center for Disease Control and Prevention , 2014). When the virus destroys a significant number of the cells, the body becomes unable to fight off infections and diseases. This leads to AIDS, a condition whereby progressive failure of the human immune system permits life-threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. Once is infected with HIV, the individual lives with it for the remainder of his or her life. Prevailing scientific knowledge demonstrates that the body cannot rid itself of HIV as it does with other viruses.

Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS

Within two to four weeks of exposure to the virus, some people report having flu-like symptoms, which include: fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and a rash (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). A person may experience these for as little as a few days to as much as several weeks. Although the virus may not be detected by an HIV test, individuals who have contracted it are highly infectious. It is also important to note...

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...act of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic on the Health Sectors of Developing Countries. In Haacker, M. The Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS. (311-343). Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/aids/eng/chapter10.pdf

Rabkin, J., McElhiney, M., Ferrando, S. J., Van Gorp, W., & Lin, S. H. (2004). Predictors of employment of men with HIV/AIDS: A longitudinal study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 72–78.

Tawfik, L. & Kinoti, S. N. (March 2006). The impact of HIV/AIDS on the health workforce in developing countries. World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/hrh/documents/Impact_of_HIV.pdf

Wood, E., Montaner, J. S., Chan, K., Tyndall, M. W., Schechter, M. T., Bangsberg, D.,… Hogg, R. S. (2002), Socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy, and survival from HIV-disease since 1996. AIDS, 16, 2065-2072.
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