Sociocultural Development in Young Children

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Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky is a well known to be a theorist who focused on the sociocultural development in young children. Lev Vygotsky strongly believed in the importance of the interaction with peers when it comes to the children’s growing process of learning. Through Vygotsky’s research, he came up with the concept of the zone of proximal development (ZPD). The zone of proximal development is the range of the child’s development of skills and abilities to which the child is able to complete a task by him or her self and needing a more experienced and knowledgeable person to help the child in order to complete a task. The zone of proximal development is an ongoing process; it constantly moves forward. As the child learns the proficiencies to fulfill the task independently, the “zone” progresses along with the child’s development. Another term that has been often correlated with Vygotsky’s concept of zone of proximal development is called scaffolding. Scaffolding is when the more knowledgeable and experienced other, such as an adult or teacher, helps and assists the child to complete a task that the child might have been struggling with. After the child learns the strategies to complete the task without any assistance, that is when scaffolding is removed from that particular task.
Vygotsky’s concepts and theories would be very beneficial to my preschool program, Bright Hope Preschool. The teachers are present to observe and help the child learn in certain aspects of their development. The few hours that the child and the teachers are to interact are to fill in the attention and assistance to the child’s development of what the parents cannot due to their careers, time, or other reasons. As the teachers pract...

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...e children. Taking this research article into consideration, it is important to promote positive behaviors by displaying positive behaviors. In a classroom setting when the children are doing academic assignments and tasks, it is appropriate for the teachers to use the concept of the social learning theory and show the children what they should be doing to complete an assignment or task with an example. This will allow the children to see and observe with their own eyes of what needs to be done and what are appropriate behaviors. For example, before the teacher hands out the assignment to practice cutting with scissors, the teacher should go over how to hold and use the scissors and also to explain where to hold the paper firmly. This will allow the children to easily imitate the teacher’s actions of how to cut the paper with scissors properly and appropriately.
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