The labeling of undocumented immigrant as criminal goes in line with stereotypes and institutional discrimination which has been studied in the course. As has been demonstrated by Ochoa and Rios’s findings, labelings’ repercussions are negative and assign expectations that in turn limit life opportunities. In Gonzales and Tobar’s books, we see the over reactions and distorted views that labeling migrants as criminals creates. The repercussions of this is to further propagate fear to quell dissent within the migrant population. Works Cited reform without justice punishment
There has been much commotion encompassing the cases, whining the young men were dealt with unreasonably on the grounds that they were black. (The Case of the Jena Six) At the point when analyzing hate crimes, one must look past the occurrences themselves and focus the foundations of the issue. Many factors could be considered causes of bias motivated offenses. The serious effects of such offenses must also be carefully examined.
Through the thirteenth amendment emancipation was born. Through the language of the constitution— “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime”, the amendment was able to make loopholes for certain social agendas that led to the opposite of what the amendment intended to do. It has been able to metaphorically enslave blacks by creating the ability to have the stereotype of black criminality. Black criminality is the myth that has played throughout our society, that depicts black people as criminals, especially black men. This stereotype has caused people to fear away from black people due to the prejudices that the stigmatization of being black holds.
The stereotyping of Blacks as criminals is so pervasive throughout society that “criminal predator” is used as a euphemism for “young Black male.” This common stereotype has erroneously served as a subtle rationale for the unofficial policy and practice of racial profiling by criminal justice practitioners” (Welch). This means that because of the racism that exists within our system, black people are labeled as criminals even if they have never had a run-in with the law. In the media black people are also all too often portrayed as the “sidekick of a white protagonist, for example, the token black person, the comedic relief, the athlete, the over-sexed ladies’ man, the absentee father or, most damaging, the violent black man as drug-dealing criminal and gangster thug” (Smith). Shetterly would argue that these stereotypes are damaging to the image of black people as a whole. On the other hand, there are several very successful black people in popular culture who seem to escape those stereotypes.
Several images displayed groups of people that either had all dark-skinned people or all white skinned people. This brings in racial stereotypes as well because the images of dark-skinned people would be more provocative then images of white skinned people. The initial stereotypes of dark-skinned people being uncivilised and violent would be further strengthened with the portrayal of such images in the press. The young are thought by adults to be risk-takers, bold and rebellious. The portrayal of the young in the riots would have also further enhanced this negative stereotype of young people and therefore it would further degrade them.
This kind of pictures makes people in society that have a child in this activity could influence in their behavior because this boy can be a potential criminals in the future because he doesn’t understand how society is. Baldwin in his article ‘Notes of a Native Son’ would states that the people of Baltimore are justify to protest because they are not treat as human by the society. Baldwin can agree with people of Baltimore to point out that labeled people in society show the inequality the minority experience as the black people. Baldwin could agree with the people of the protest because this kind of humiliation creates on people’s lives hate to others. Baldwin states, “But this did not mean that one could be complacent, for the second idea was of the equal power: that one must never, in one’s own life, accept these injustices as commonplace but must fight them with all one’s strength.
This was due to the media and the police influencing the public that all blacks are inherently evil, (Dessy77). That created a social stigma of blacks being the ‘bad’ ones, which were passed down from one generation to another, thus creating the vicious
Secondly, the theory connotes that stigmatization inherent to the shaming of crime is disrespectful because it tends to outcast individuals from the general community, which is a pre-requisite for further rebellion. Additionally, the best theory of re-integrative shaming is the “disapproval of an act within a continuum of respect for the offender, disapproval terminated by the ritual of forgiveness [leading to] crime prevention” (Dansie, 2011, pp. 71). The proposed Re-integrative Shaming Theoretical approach identifies that shaming (or social disapproval) creates emotional distress on the offender. The scope and extent of the shame are bound to vary because different people respond differently to shaming.
Criminal incidents narrated in newspapers, T.V. channels always leave the society terrified. The society’s fear gives birth to moral panic. Moral panic also takes place when various youth cultural phenomena confront the ordinary society. Mid-twentieth century Britain saw the arrival of two youth cultures namely “mods” and “rockers”.
That is to say, according to the utilitarian account of punishment 'A ought to be punished' means that A has done an act harmful to people and it needs to be prevented by punishment or the threat of it. So, it will be useful to punish A. Deontologists like Mabbott, Ewing and Hawkins, on the other hand, believe that punishment is justifiable purely on retributive grounds. That is to say, according to them, only the past fact that a man has committed a crime is sufficient enough to justify the punishment inflicted on him. But D.D. Raphael is found to reconcile between the two opposite views.