Society's Struggle Against Its Savage Roots Webster's online dictionary defines civilization as "a society in an advanced state of social development". Without the restraints of society, the behaviour of people will regress to their savage beginnings, due to the fact that one's need for survival will overpower all other impulses. The descent into savagery, man's inherent desire to survive over anything else, and the need for civilization and order shows how society unnaturally holds everyone together. Society artificially bonds everything together by imposing rules and structures and without the reminders of civilization and its conventions the savagery of human nature emerges. The strength of a society can be linked to its dependence on its physical and social characteristics so that when members of a society are separated from those characteristics they are in jeopardy of a regression away from civilized behaviour.
While many believe that the government controlled word, religion, the strict class system, the restraint of history, culture, the arts and books, and the obsolete need for parents and love are contradictory to utopia, these aspects of society are actually conducive to utopia. The first argument that would be a contradiction because of the fact that Brave New World is a utopia and the government is controlling the world, causing the loss of freedom and
Economic homeostasis is unrealistic, particularly when it comes to maintaining such a system as leveling and socialism go against people’s genetic programming. Conservatives, like Burke and Tocqueville, believe strongly in the principle of variety within a society. In order for a civil society to thrive, a healthy degree of diversity must be maintained; orders and classes should be found within the system as well as differences in lifestyles and many other types of economic inequalities. Conservatives held that the only true form of equality that existed could be found before god and in a court of law; any other attempts at levelling contribute directly to social stagnation, or worse. Society demands honesty and a certain degree of capability from its leaders; and if the natural order or institution of society is trifled with, inequality will find a way to rear its head again through a new leader(s).
Keeping them in this bubble prevented them from getting on the same levels as their master, and continuing to progress to become even smarter than them. It prevented them from looking for a world beyond those fields. Abolitionist, people who thought that slavery should be diminished, believed in the equality of all humans no matter the
Nietzsche has faith in the power of the individual while Marx and Engels believe it is social interactions and the masses that control which qualities are essential to maximizing human potential. As social commentators, these authors look at society and history to draw very different conclusions. Essentially every person contains the ability to maximize his or her potential yet a relatively small number ever do. Something has to set these individuals apart from the rest of the population and the qualities that Nietzsche cites responsible are distinctly different from those of Marx and Engels. Habitual defender of the individual, Nietzsche states that "there will come a... ... middle of paper ... ...d Engels differ drastically in their opinions as to which human qualities have the greatest potential to improve human life.
Even though this appears idealistic it is reflected in society today. Whilst rulers administer the justice there is also an agreement between subjects and rulers. The Old Testament, on the other hand, states that God administers the justice and not the state. According the Harvey, God’s justice is seen in his anger with those who disobey his commands, for example when he destroys cities. The New Testament, however, shifts away from retributive justice and towards a more loving and appealing approach of ‘turn the other cheek.’ J. Rousseau pointed out how man is born free but is everywhere in chains and that law is crucial in society in order to solve the inequality and exploitation that arises from our individual dependency on others.
The idea of being forced to be anything less than who you truly are is a cringing thought. Moreover, you should not fear being denied the privilege to excel and become greater than your past. What if you were forced to be equal to the person standing next to you? What if you had no right to be better than the rest of society? In Harrison Bergeron, Kurt Vonnegut argues that by creating a society full of equality, the suppressed citizens will lose all individuality and self-worth, causing any physical and mental growth to become antiquated.
Possessions or People “To live fully, we must learn to use things and love people, and not love things and use people” (John Powell). This simple but profound quote perfectly explains the satire of consumerism in Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World (BNW). Not only is the World State too preoccupied with buying possessions and using people, but we, as a society, are as well, and it is this fact that Huxley satirizes. Many of our priorities are in the wrong places, and BNW shows us our flaws. We need to have the people in our lives come first and the possessions to be secondary; only then we can “live fully,” as John Powell said.
The semi communistic semi utopian government then fills in their own twisted version of the past to maintain a stable state of control by keeping their citizens oblivious to their true rights and privileges. This achieves a semi utopian society in the scene that any resistance, crime, aggression is either insignificant to the “big picture” or easily overcome. Utopia is dismissed in this case because of the extreme force used to maintain. The second way to achiever a semi utopia could be called a “Manipulative utopia”. A strong example would be the utopia created for the novel “1984” by George Orwell.
Human beings act first and foremost in their own interest. As John Locke outlines in his work Second Treatise on Civil Government, the interests of people often intersect in such a manner that they find it to be advantageous to work together and form a society. In The Leviathan, however, Thomas Hobbes presents a view of the world that relies heavily on belief in the irrationality and illogicality of human nature when making decisions. Locke’s theories create a fully functional and peaceful society because they provide for the individual rights and responsibilities of people, whereas Hobbes’ imaginings of civilization fail to acknowledge the full capabilities of humans as rational decision makers who desire to live in a society with at least