Socialization In Nursing Research

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Socialization of New Graduate Nurses to Practicing Nurses How nurses adjust with the stress of assuming the professional role after graduating has been of interest to researchers and healthcare administrators. Naturally, nurses experience discomfort during this adjustment. Research tells us that this stress and discomfort stems from both organizational and professional factors (Feng & Tsai, 2012) because professional socialization in nursing extends beyond skills for the purpose of developing a professional identity (Goodare, 2015). This paper will review existing models of socialization in the nursing profession as well as explain how these models cause discomfort to new nurses. Then, this paper will also recommend methods to increase comfort and facilitate the author’s own socialization into practice. New nursing graduates are expected to come to the workplace with the ability to organize their work, set priorities, and provide leadership to ancillary personnel. Although nursing programs in healthcare education are designed to help students to prepare for the demands in the work setting, new nurses must continue to learn and practice skills on the job. In fact, many new nurses experience “reality shock” due to unexpected changes from school to employment (Weiss & Tappen, 2015). Reality shock occurs when there is a discrepancy between the idealistic values that were taught to nurses when they were students, and the realities of the clinical areas (Feng & Tsai, 2012). An example of reality shock would be the initial work hours and work load assigned to new graduates. Many new nurses work as much as 7 to 10 days straight and on 8 to 12-hour shifts, caring for 10 or more patients. New graduates are sometimes given tasks that ... ... middle of paper ... ...ous exposure and current guidance can, however, help the nurse transition into a practicing nurse. Recommendations were also given on how discomfort and stress can be addressed. Nurses should learn to accept the realities and at the same time use the stress to facilitate professional growth. References Feng, R. & Tsai, Y. (2012). Socialization of new graduate nurses to practicing nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(13/14), 2064-2071. Goodare, P. (2015). Literature review: "are you ok there?" The socialization of student and graduate nurses: Do we have it right? Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, 33(1), 38-43. Kelly, P. & Tazbir, J. (2014). Essentials of nursing leadership & management (3rd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar. Weiss, S. A. & Tappen, R. M. (2015). Essentials of nursing leadership and management (6th ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis.

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