preview

Socialism And Socialism

Satisfactory Essays
Socialism is the ultimate form of economic leveling and similar to communism, both systems sound ideal at face value but once a few layers are shed, they are quickly found to be completely unrealistic. The simple fact is that competiveness is a part of human nature and a whole society cannot be content being equal to everyone else. At least one person will always want more than their neighbor and strive for greater material wealth to provide for their families and themselves. Although leveling can absolutely be considered dangerous to a democratic society, things will always regress to the mean and in this instance that means that there will be a society made up of the impoverished, a middle class, and the elites. Economic homeostasis is unrealistic, particularly when it comes to maintaining such a system as leveling and socialism go against people’s genetic programming.
Conservatives, like Burke and Tocqueville, believe strongly in the principle of variety within a society. In order for a civil society to thrive, a healthy degree of diversity must be maintained; orders and classes should be found within the system as well as differences in lifestyles and many other types of economic inequalities. Conservatives held that the only true form of equality that existed could be found before god and in a court of law; any other attempts at levelling contribute directly to social stagnation, or worse. Society demands honesty and a certain degree of capability from its leaders; and if the natural order or institution of society is trifled with, inequality will find a way to rear its head again through a new leader(s).
Although leveling aims to eradicate any and all forms of inequality, it simply opens the door for new kinds of wro...

... middle of paper ...

...expressed in a political way through a highly decentralized government. Both favored monarchy and defended established religion. Both men believed in laissez-faire economics but only so far as a way to check leveling in the economy. Tocqueville and Burke feared that with popular sovereignty an informed population would be replaced by the ignorant when it came to managing public affairs. Both feared that social equality would limit the culture of the society and even saw potential regression of culture as a direct consequence of increased equality. Neither could escape the idea that democracy might lead to the watering down of the culture because all societal inclinations would rest on the majority. Mass production and mass society would lead to a mass culture. Burke had a deep running fear that popular opinions would lead to political and cultural weaknesses.
Get Access