Social Work And Social Welfare

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QUESTION 1: What Is Social Work And Social Welfare? Compare and contrast (20) According to Leiva (2014), Social work is a profession that gives help or advice to individuals, groups or communities who have financial or family problems. However, the National Association of Social Work (NASW) define social work as a professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favourable to this goal. Karen (2010, p.23) states that Social work practice consists of the professional application of social work values, principles and techniques to one or more of the following ends. • Helping people obtain tangible services (e.g. those involving provision of food, housing or income) • Providing counselling and psychotherapy with individuals, families and groups. • Helping communities or groups provide or improve social and health services. • Participating in relevant legislative processes. Karen further asserts that because social workers can be in position to help people deal with almost anything, it is difficult to define the field adequately in few words. In contrast, Social welfare is a nations’ system of programs, benefits and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society (Barker, 2003, p. 408). Social welfare then is a broad concept related to the general wellbeing of all people in a society (Karen, 2010, p.6) Reid (1995) describes social welfare as “an idea that idea being one of a decent society that provides opportunities for the work and human meaning, provides reasonable security from want and assault, promotes fairness and evalua... ... middle of paper ... ...involved in improving people’s lives so that everyone can lead a better life. Lastly, social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships and empowerment and liberation of people to enhance wellbeing. Utilising theories of human behaviour and social systems. Social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work. Barker, R. L. (2003). The social work dictionary (5th ed.). Washington, DC: NASW Press Karen K. Kirsty Ashman year (2010) Introduction to Social Work and Social Welfare. 3rd edition. California; Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning. USA Leiva, J. (2014) Professional Career Goals in Social Work. [Online] http://www.ehow.com/list_6307437_professional-career-goals-social-work.html#ixzz30mSmkNYW [Accessed 4th May, 2014]

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