Many fields in today’s research think of qualitative research as an effective means of collecting data. They express this idea as a way to get different data than that of quantitative research. Which quantitative research they look morally into collecting numerical data in which that data can be analysed and transformed into useable statistics. From this idea showing that quantitative research is much different than that of qualitative research. Many fields like the idea of qualitative research because it tends to access the questions about peoples ways of life with regards to how they organize and interact to the world around them.
These concepts will be reviewed individually to be able to understand how to apply them when writing a research paper. It is significant to have validity in research. Validity is the best approximation of the truth of a given proposition, inference, or conclusion. It refers to the many conclusions reached about the quality of the different parts of the research methodology. It provides concrete data about the cause and effect construct.
Introduction A research design refers to the whole research plan namely, aim and objectives of the study, methods of collecting data and analytical techniques used so as to ensure that the data is able to answer the research question (Roberts, Sitas & Greenstein 2003:10-11). There are two types of research design, namely, qualitative and quantitative. It is important to note that research design for qualitative and quantitative is overall the same as both designs originate from an idea they seek to understand phenomena and the world around. However, discrepancies are evident mainly with regards to data collection and also what the research seeks to achieve (Greenstein, Roberts and Sitas, 2003: 14). The objectives of this essay are to discuss key elements of qualitative and quantitative research designs, including the distinction between them.
Statement of Limitation Due to the duration and procedures of this proposal, there are a few limitations. The research data will involve self-reported human behavior and habits’, this systematic investigation raises the issue of validity. We have limited means of testing the subject without starting a longitudinal design. Therefore, we must rely on what the participants report in surveys and questioning. Another variable that might be cause for limitation is the sample size.
Furthermore, some have understood research as the transferring of facts from one place to another, but the nature of research extend to describing the goal, formulating a theoretical statement, considering the availability of relevant information as well as gathering data (Brynard et al, 2014:4-5). And gathering data involves the collection, organisation and interpretation of data (Brynard et al, 2014:5). 2. Dimensions of research In order to have a better understanding of the concept of research, four dimensions of research that guides the choices one makes about research methods needs to distinguished. 2.1.
There has been a debate over which tradition of methodology, qualitative or quantitative, can provide a better explanation while conducting social science research. Qualitative research provides in-depth case-by-case studies while quantitative, generates broader arguments accommodating a large number of cases. Many social scientists may be naturally qualitative analysts and their expertise could lie predominantly in such field (Mahoney and Goertz, 2006). Quantitative analysis, on the other hand, is preferred when the researchers want to observe common patterns among several different cases. However, both quantitative and qualitative analyses ask questions differently which may lead to different explanations, although they may be examining
Maslow’s hierarchy is generally placed in a triangle with those on the lower levels being more urgent. FIRST IMPRESSIONS 3 This theory states that lower needs must be met... ... middle of paper ... ...s which have not been met and until the lower needs are met individuals cannot satisfy higher level needs on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The level of needs which have been met on the scale has a direct impact on first impressions people give others. Therefore, a person will appear to be antisocial and an introvert when a lower level need is not met. As an individual’s needs on the hierarchy are met, the individual appears more sociable and well-rounded.
In conclusion, despite some differences in the theories of Maslow's theory of note in that it provides a public framework for a simplified and useful to understand the motivations include the power for most people most of the time. However, some people may disagree with the theory in arranging for these needs. Herzberg theory based on the role and conditions of employment in the lives of individual workers, has Herzberg exploratory study through interviews in different locations trying to understand their feelings about their work. In my opinion the one which come with our knowledge is ERG theory needs the main reason because it leads to the desire to satisfy the high needs.
For any qualitative research conducted, validity as a concept is a determinant that measures the truth concerning the investigation. Validity is measured by researchers by asking questions and answers are retrieved from other people’s research work (Joppe, 2000, p. 1). Other researchers define validity in quantitative research as construct validity. Construct implies initial concept, hypothesis, notion or question determining data gathered and method of data collection. However, quantitative practitioners affirm the cause or effect interplay between data and construct for validation of investigation by applying test procedures or processes (Golafshani, 2003, p. 599).
Third is the consensus for arrival at judgments concerning the data 's meaning that sets aside the researchers ' biases (Hill, 2012). Fourthly, it requires at least one auditor for checking the judges primary team 's work and minimization of the effects of group thinking in the primary team. The methods of the data collection in consensual qualitative research are naturalistic and highly interactive, and include interviews and sampling (Given, 2008). However, the researchers may also compare the qualitative findings with quantitative findings for triangulation of the results. While the data analysis involves three main steps that include domains, used for segmentation of the