Social Relations Between Money And Commodities

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commodities like their value comes from the object and they do not see that human labor is what gives value to the commodities. Labor is a social form and the social character of workers’ labor becomes a social relation between products. Marx explained that a commodity was a mysterious thing because in it, “the social character of men’s labour appears to them as an objective character stamped upon the product of, that labour; because the relation of the producers to the sum total of their own labour is presented to them as a social relation, existing not between themselves but between the products of their labour,” ([1867] 2013: 48]. This means what is suppose to be social relations between people became economic, social relations between money and commodities. This occurred because the labor put into commodities was invisible to society and products were looked at only through the exchange of money with the capitalist. Commodities conceal the social relations of individual workers and reduce social relations to material objects. The alienation that took place for workers when their labor was reduced to a monetary value allowed workers to believe that they did not have control over the market because it appeared to exist independently of the worker. The production and exchange of commodities was a social process built on one class exploiting another class and it created a hostile relationship between the classes. In order to create capital, commodities needed to be purchased that could create commodities with an exchange value higher than the amount of the original commodities. Marx noted that labor power becoming a commodity allowed capitalist to pay the exchange value of labor power but at a lesser value than what it pro... ... middle of paper ... Having one class control the interest of society caused conflict as well as crisis for society in response to capitalists’ self interest. Also, the proletariat came to rely heavily on the capitalist and their system in order to survive. Marx’s analysis of capitalism shows that while modernity may have promised a better life, it did not deliver for all the citizens of modern society. Instead it put capitalism, society, and individuals in a state of constant flux, which in Marx’s opinion was often for the worst for the proletariats. Marx’s examination shows that capitalism suppressed the capacity of society to act as a whole in order to move towards the best interest of society. This critique shows that Marx was greatly concern with modernity and its effects on society, which led to him signifying a need to move past capitalism in order to end class struggle.
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