This paper describe about different types of control theories and the application of control theory in real world context. Social control theory is based on philosophical principles that individuals automatically would commit crime if they left alone with situation. In other words, we, all are born with criminal characteristics and learn to follow laws as we grow in society. Many sociologist and criminologist have suggested that acceptance of social norms and beliefs are a vital evidence of someone is a reputed member in society or a criminal. Control theories not only use to evaluate delinquent behavior of the juvenile populations, but also adult populations.
Leading us to the point that the social control theory focuses on how the absences of close relationships with conventional others can free individuals from social constraints, thus enabling them to engage in delinquency (Kempf-Leonard, 2012). Labeling Theory The labeling theory is based off of the view that people will become criminals when labeled as such and when they accept that label as their personal identity. The labeling theory can be used to explain why a particular behavior is considered to be negatively deviant to some people, groups, and
For example, if a teenage boy hangs out with criminals and learns criminal behavior (including its rationalizations and reward) from them, then he will likely engage in criminal behavior because he will have more definitions for it than against it, according to the theory (McNamara 2014: pp. 118). On the other hand, social control theory maintains that humans are inherently bad and must therefore be “resocialized” to create stronger community influences to lesson the hedonistic tendency to engage in crime—or pressured into conforming through formal and information sanctions (McNamara 2014: p. 120). The theory explains that people engage in criminal behavior due to low self-control and low attachment to “society and significant others” (McNamara 2014: p. 121). For example, when a child doesn’t have strong connections to family, friends or school involvements, he is more likely to engage in delinquent behavior because he has less connection to
These characteristics are Barkan and Bryjak mentioned in the book that some “kinds” of people to contribute crimes than others. However, we should know that any of these explanations are not absolutely true and they just explain that some of our social characteristics influence chances of committing crimes. Works Cited Barkan, Steven E., and George J. Bryjak. Myths and Realities of Crime and Justice: What Every American Should Know. 2nd ed.
So in the end society really does play an active role in breeding criminals and criminal behavior even though it may be a small. The Strain theory tells of how those in society are shown and told of what is the “dream” and aspirations that everyone should strive to have, yet there is no pillar of means that fall out of the sky to give it to them. If they want it, they have to conform to acceptable behavior in order to get it. The Labeling theory shows how the action of a society can bring about its own criminal by branding people with labels to the point that they become the labels. Though the two theories have society as a common denominator, they still differ in the aspects of perception such as how people are perceived into crime and how others are enticed into it.
We have been taught to answer questions like: what actions are defined as actually threatening to social order or deviant and who get to be the judge? Also what sorts of things lead to individuals to “deviant actions” a... ... middle of paper ... ... up information about crime and it is truly sad to think about. Undeniably, crime is all around us, everywhere we go. There is always someone out there committing crime. “Deviance” is not inherent in people, it is a process in which you learn.
The others commonly give focus on the individuals while the social learning theory looks at a criminal activity in an aspect that involves the entire community. The social learning theory suggests that it is the societies that will a condition under which an individual will be tempted to engage in a criminal activity. This simply implies that people who live in a given geographical area will be influenced by other people to commit crimes. This is from the immediate activities of people who live close to one another. A person will learn the act of crime from what is observed from the other person and this may be a neighbor, relative, family member or any other person that they share something in common with.
The bonds that discourage crime are strengthen through relationships between the individual and social institutions such as the family, schools, judicial/policing systems etc. Here, crime and delinquency simply become the products of the systematic failure of social supervision over the deviant individual. While social control theory places great importance upon the normative morality in a given society, the theory still presumes variations in morality in the given society. Derivative hypotheses of social control theory such as self-control theory see crime as the result of the lack of personal self-control (rather than societal control) over deviant desires, abnormal personality attributes and antisocial constitutions. Nevertheless, social control theory stresses the idea that people in a society are likely to commit delinquent or criminal acts when the forces restraining such actions a... ... middle of paper ... ...erica have largely implemented these practices as viable methods to deter crime.
One approach to avert wrongdoing is to look past simply the wrongdoing carried out and discover the wellspring of the demonstration, which descends to the criminal and their youth or childhood. By having projects that have serious mediations around youngsters and grown-up lawbreakers at danger of submitting an alternate crime, I accept we might have the capacity to counteract further brutality. An alternate approach to lower wrongdoing rates is to have "hot spot policing", or more police compel in ranges where wrongdoing rates are the most elevated. Crime prevention has been characterized as "the foresight, distinguishment and evaluation... ... middle of paper ... ...olicing is that it can keep wrongdoings from happening by concentrating on regions in a group where brutality is higher than normal Works Cited Braga, Anthony A. Crime Prevention Research Review No.
This club will prevent them from getting involve in crime and let them know about how bad juvenile delinquency is. This club will also have awareness on youth crime. Bilderaya (2005) found that the main reason for this program is to improve relation between peers and make school a better place to study. There will be a session that involves counselor to give a talk on those who have or had been doing crime for a long period of time. The session will mainly talk about the badness of youth crime, what are the after effects if they are too obsessed in doing offences and let them know that there are people who succeed in their life with the background of a former criminal.