They would be honest to people, to prevent having to be lied to. By doing so, it would strengthen your relationship with one another because you both have one common goal: to not break each other’s trust and, to take the risk of trusting someone. Despite it being a risk, it would be a risk that we will have to take to help build up a relationship. We should be optimistic about our trust in people, not
In this paper I will analyze my own behavior, behaviors of others, and interactions I have noticed pertaining to social penetration theory. Social penetration theory provided me with insight on my daily communication practices. It brings light to the reasons as to why we feel comfortable, and uncomfortable in our ongoing experiences. Social penetration theory states, in order to develop stronger relationships, each party must engage into information disclosure. And the strength of a relationship runs parallel with the type of information we decide to share.
An individual consists of three different concepts within their self. These would be self-efficacy, self-esteem, and the self-concept. These concepts interact and develop who someone is and how they are perceived in the social world. As the self becomes more defined through self-esteem, efficacy, and concept, ones insight on them selves can become much clearer. Social surroundings affect the awareness of the self, and differences in the environment such as age, health, and socioeconomic status promote specific behaviors directed by personal interest and bias (Orth, Trzesniewski, & Robins, 2010).
Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor conceptualized Social Penetration Theory (SPT) to better understand relational closeness (West & Turner, 2010). There are four primary assumptions of SPT. The first assumption is “Relationships progress from non-intimate to
The theory is concerned with the existence of multiple identities, the variability of the degree to which people identify with a social group and the role of the social context in social identification (Van Dick, van Knippenberg, Hägele, Guillaume, & Brodbeck, 2008). This theory indicated group members are motivated to maintain their social identities when they evaluate and discovered favorable similar characteristics. The quests for positive distinctiveness make social identity theory to propose that Individuals tend to develop a lot of identities as they move through the stages of their lives (Cennamo & Gardner, 2008). Individuals tend to define themselves in terms of their gender, religion, ethnicity, age, background or profession and “put on” different identities in different circumstances (Sim, etael, 2014). In line with this thinking, Ogbo, Kifordu and Wilfred (2014) observe that in Nigeria, by virtue of its complex web of politically salient identities and history of chronic and seemingly intractable conflicts and instability, competing groups tend to adopt exclusionary, winner-take-all strategies ,with persons having crisscrossing and recursive identities of which the ethnic, religious, regional and sub-ethnic (communal) appear to be the most salient.
Allowing all to be equally treated with respect and opportunity. Three components which will be discussed in relation to society are key components, theory, and people. Key components address culture and socialization and how values, norms, and beliefs apply. Cultural psychologists and social anthropologist believe culture affects personality as well as gender differences. Patterns
Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor’s Social Penetration Theory provides for a deeper analysis on how relational closeness develops. A multi-layered onion model is used to depict the personality structure of an individual. Each layer constitutes perspectives and beliefs about oneself, other individuals, and the world (Griffin 114). Self-disclosure, the process by which we “peel back the layers,” is a gradual process that is motivated by what we perceive as the outcome of an interaction. The depth, level of intimacy, and breadth, the extent of self-disclosed areas, are essential to forming an intimate relationship.
The information provided in this lecture describes individualism as social patterns that involve an individual’s priority for self motivation, self confidence, self oriented, and self competent, self responsibility. Collectivism also involves social patterns, however collectivism involves individuals who are collective, which means these individual prefer to be a part of some type of group. These groups may be internal or external. In conclusion, one has discussed and defined the topics of individualism and collectivism from a cultural perspective. The purpose for information provided in this lecture was to help one to differentiate between the two elements.
Social Penetration "Decisions about self-disclosure - whether to reveal one's thoughts, feelings, or past experiences to another person, or the level of intimacy of such disclosure - are part of the everyday life of most persons" (Derlega and Berg, 1987, p. ix). The decisions one makes on the issue of whether or not to self-disclose with others affects not only the types of relationships one will have with others and how they are perceived, but also how well they know themselves. Clearly, self-disclosure plays a major role in the development of close relationships. Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor, the theorists behind Social Penetration theory, recognized this fact and designed their theory to illustrate and explain this process of self-disclosure through social penetration. In this paper, I will explain Altman and Taylor's Social Penetration theory and the framework behind it, offer come critiques that have been made about the theory by other communication scholars, and present examples of studies conducted using the ideas of social penetration.
George Herbert Mead forwarded the Symbolic interaction theory that comprises of three principles; meaning, language, and thought. The theory asserts that people give particular meanings to objects, events, and actions, and hence behave according to these interpretations (Griffin, Ledbetter & Sparks, 2015, p. 54). Individuals use the different interpretations they accord to others to form social bonds. They decide on who to interact with and who not and how to do so. The Symbolic Interaction theory proposes the concept of “the looking glass self” where people mind what others think of them.