Social Media And Its Effect On Society

1967 Words8 Pages
Ever since the invention of the transistor – allowing the construction of increasingly advanced computers – digital technology has become increasingly integrated within our daily lives. Of recent times, a significant development in digital technology is its use in communication; especially in the form of social media or social networking. The psychological effects of high usage of social media (such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter) in today’s society have been critically evaluated. The main risks are associated with allowing the consequences of traditional forms of bullying and the internalisation of unrealistic body ideals to be escalated due to the high frequency of use and omnipresence of social media. However, social media does present potential opportunities in assisting those with social anxiety, improving the society’s positivity, and also furthering the knowledge of human psychology. Cyberbullying is possibly the most talked about risk associated with social media use, especially for adolescents. It is similar to traditional forms of bullying in that it involves repeated, harmful and antisocial behaviour directed at an individual, though cyberbullying occurs only through electronic media. As Chisholm (2006) defined it: “[cyberbullying] entails one or more of the following socially inappropriate online behaviours: harassing, humiliating, intimidating, sending derogatory insults or threats in messages, teasing, and using inappropriate language.” Due to the requirement for cyberbullying to be persistent, the electronic platforms used to carry this out must be ones which are accessed regularly by the victims. These platforms are most likely to be social media sites due to the frequency at which people access them. More spe... ... middle of paper ... ...te this, social media has allowed various opportunities to society, such as large scale psychological experimentation (Kramer et al., 2014), aiding those who experience social anxieties (McCord et al., 2014), as well as decreasing an individual’s loneliness and disconnectedness when frequently posting (große Deters et al., 2010). Furthermore, it may inherently cause a slight increase to individual’s positivity which can be considered significant due to the vast sample size used (Kramer et al., 2014). However, the very slight depressive effects due to passively reading others’ posts will be ignored due to this slight change only being observed in a much smaller sample size (Burke, 2011). Therefore, social media slightly increases overall connectedness and does present some new opportunities, but at the cost of amplifying other, severe and pervasive risks to society.
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