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Social Learning and Social Process Theory

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Social learning theory has been something of debate since it has been in existence. Some people believe that crime is learned while others debate that it is not learned that it fails to explain where the criminal behavior came from. Social Process theory is said to be a way to deter people from crime. They do this by making programs for people to do either in jail or out.
What social learning theory is?
Social learning theory is said to be learned according to Siegel research (2011) "social learning theorist believe that crime is a product of learning the norms, values, and behaviors associated with criminal activity." (p.173). This theory includes two different learning forms which are differential association theory and neutralization theory. Siegel puts it this way (2011) "Two of the most prominent forms of social learning theory: differential association theory and neutralization theory." (p.173).
If crime is learned the techniques to do so are as well. Siegel put it this way (2011)
" Social learning can involve the actual techniques to crime (how to hot wire a car or roll a joint), as well as the psychological aspects of criminality (how to deal with the guilt or shame associated with illegal activities)." (p.173). People who do crime sometimes might feel guilty especially if it is their first offense. Chronic offenders might not feel guilty for the crimes they do because they have learned to control the feeling of guilt.
Differential Association Theory
Differential association theory is one of the social learning theories that was thought up by a social learning theorist. Siegel said (2011) "One of the most prominent social learning theories is Edwin H. Sutherland's differential association theory."(p.173). In 193...

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...e law. Siegel said (2011) "offenders frequently respect and admire honest, law-abiding persons. Those admired may include entertainers, sports figures, priests and other members of the clergy, parents, teachers, and neighbors." (p.177).
Some people argue that people don't learn criminal behavior before they act on them. Siegel's say's (2011) "little evidence exists that people learn the techniques that enable them to become criminals before they actually commit criminal acts." (p.179). Learning theories do have a role in the study of delinquency and criminal behavior. Siegel says (2011) "they help explain the role that peers, family, and education play in shaping criminal and conventional behavior." (p.179).

Works Cited

Siegel, J. L. (2011). Social Process Theories . Criminology The Core (pp. 173-180 and 191-194). Belmont California : Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
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