Social Learning Theory And Social Cognitive Theory

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Introduction: Theories play a vital part in our life. Thus, the Social Learning Theory and Social Cognitive Theory has a significant impact on our lives. Both of these theories emphasis on the developmental aspect of life. Social learning theory focuses on learning come from observation. Whereas, Social Cognitive Theory is more comprehensive and emphasizes on the process of triangulate reciprocal determinism: behavior, personal factors and environment. Additionally, "self-efficacy" is the core factor precise in the triangulate mechanism. These theories has implication in current life scenarios. A basic principle of Social Learning Theory is that people learn not only through their own experiences, but also by observing the actions of others and the results of those actions. Some historical facts dictates that the Social Cognitive Theory started as the Social Learning Theory in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. It developed into the Social Cognitive Theory in 1986 and suggests that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior. The unique feature of Social Cognitive Theory is the emphasis on social influence and its emphasis on external and internal social reinforcement. Social Cognitive Theory considers the inimitable way in which individuals attain and sustain behavior, while also bearing in mind the social environment in which individuals implements the behavior. The theory takes reasons an individual's past experiences, which influence into whether social action will occur. These former experiences stimuli reinforcements, expectations, and expectancies, all of which shape whether an individual will involve in a precise behavior and the reasons why a person inv... ... middle of paper ... ...and observing what others do. Conclusion In conclusion, Social Learning and Social Cognitive theories accept and grows on conditioning values. Social Learning accentuates the predominantly power of learning through social rewards and punishments, together with indirect reinforcements and modeling. Social Cognitive theories build on social theories and reflects that individual’s cognitive processes are influenced by behavioral associations. “Social learning theorists claim that the way that people think, plan, perceive and believe is an important part of learning. Social learning theorists claim that the way that people think, plan, perceive and believe is an important part of learning.” (Studentuk) Conditioning theories undertake direct linking between behavior and learning whereas Cognitive theories permits for the learning process to be altered by reasons.
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