Social Issues In Social Work

894 Words4 Pages
Jansson defines social policies as “collective strategies to prevent and address social problems.” They are “collective” because they are binding on those populations, communities, companies, and jurisdictions to which they apply (Jansson, 2016, p. 22). For example, the United States government have created policies to address the needs of a variety of social issues such as food and nutrition, assistance for needy families, housing assistance, health, unemployment benefits, equal opportunity, anti-discrimination laws, child welfare, and mental illness (Marx, n.d.). These social policies help promote the disadvantage, advance social change, ensure social protection from discrimination, and improve well-being of vulnerable individuals, families and children. Jansson (2016) noted “the policies are vertically distributed at the federal, state, and local government; community; and agency or organizational levels” (Jansson, 2016, p. 24). The social work profession was established in social change. Through the profession’s history, social workers have endeavored to guarantee that all individual have equal access to the resources and opportunities that allow them to meet their fundamental needs (NASW, 2017). Assembling resources, gathering public opinion, collaborating with agencies whose obligations are to serve the requirements of helpless populaces are ways social specialists champion the privileges of people, communities and society at large through active participation in the political process. Whether concerned about an individual’s needs or social policy reform, social workers are most frequently the voice for change and social justice (NASW, 2017). However, social workers can be empowered to move beyond micro policy advocacy... ... middle of paper ... ...the support of individuals and groups to accomplish their agenda. The seventh and eighth steps of mezzo advocacy are implementing a strategy and assessing whether the implemented strategy was effective in agencies and communites. Mezzo policy advocacy does not end when a policy is adopted; in some ways, it is just the beginning. To encounter pitfalls, advocates should work to establish protocols and training that will help ensure that the staff are fully away or their duties under their new policy (Jansson, 2016, p. 128). Knowing whether the policy was effective can be measured by using tools that will provide the data they need to determine whether the policy is achieving its goal. For example, conducting and in-depth interview with clients who were impacted by the policy or develop a survey to measure the extent of their satisfaction with it (Jansson, p. 129).
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