Two Theories that Relate to the Breakdown of Relationships The social exchange theory and the equity theory can give plausible explanations for the breakdown of relationships. The social exchange theory suggests that our relationships are based on minimising costs and maximising rewards therefore it can be said that relationships breakdown because of the need to maximise costs and gaining minimum rewards. However it is not as simple as that. Levinger (1976) felt that the likelihood
aspects of psychology. This is because, not only does relationships influence people’s actions, they also occupy the bulk of people’s thoughts, speech and concerns (Cardwell & Flanagan, 2003). A relationship is widely know to be defined as a “regular social encounter over a period of time” (Argyle & Henderson, as cited in Willerton, 2010). A valid example from Willerton is that, when we are not dealing with our own personal relationships, we still discuss relationships of celebrities, as well as seeking
not tangible, such as social psychology, defining attraction is a bit more complex, as there is no magnetic force between humans. There are often no words to explain why one becomes attracted to a specific individual. Psychologists have proposed five factors that best determine attractions. These factors can be apparent in exchange and communal approaches, intimacy levels determined by attachment styles, and how relationships are maintained or ended through different theories. The five factors associated
There are five stages under this theory including the orientation stage, the exploratory affective stage, the affective stage, the stable stage, and the depenetration. In the movie, only two of these stages are seen: the stable stage and the depenetration. The stable stage is the fourth stage out of the five, and this is the relationship where a plateau is reached (“Social Penetration Theory”). Due to Miranda’s explanation written before, she and Daniel is at this
The fairness of loyalty programs in South Africa are subjective to organizations that discriminate value proposition segmentation and that exploit personal information captured by their consumers, through the absence of an equity and exchange theory. Loyalty programs are coordinated, membership based marketing activities that use targeted communications and customize the delivery of branded goods and services to build loyal and effective bonds with the funding firms. It can be seen as a rewards program
Development of Friendship Between Roommates The study of relationship and friendship development has become a very popular subject for social psychologists in the past twenty years or more. Social exchange processes, equity, similarity and self-disclosure (which was constructed by social penetration theorists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor), are presupposed to be the main route to relationship and friendship development. According to the article "Development of Friendship Between Roommates"
and how to go about achieving the task to keep the employees motivated. Managers have many forms motivational theories that they can use. An option I feel is appropriate for my current working environment is the Adams Equity Theory. This theory notes that employees need balance and fairness of their input and output to be content at their place of employment. The Equity Theory is based on the notion that people want to be treated with equality and fairness in comparison to everyone else
David McClelland has contributed to another well-known content theory by developing the Acquired Needs Theory. McClelland’s research shows people are not born with particular characteristics or had acquired them in childhood development, but learn them as adults (Wood et al, 2010) and that all motives are learned (Thrash &Elliot, 2001). According to him, individuals acquire needs from culture of society by learning from the events that they experience, mostly in early stage of life. This was proven
tell someone to do something if you’re not motivated. Some organizations do exactly that but a successful organization knows that when motivation is involved, an employee’s performance is greatly improved. Equity theory can be an important factor of motivation in the organization. The equity theory is an idea that individuals are motivated by fairness which is done by a balanced ratio between one’s inputs (also compared with others’ inputs) and one’s outcomes (also compared with others’ outcomes).
1 Social Responsibility- is a concept that originated in media revelations of malpractice by businesses and the resultant insistence of society on restricting such malpractice through regulations, as described by Introduction to Business Management 9th edition. Investopedia defines Social Responsibility as an ethical framework and suggests that an entity has an obligation to act for the benefit of society at large. (www.investopedia.com/terms/s/socialresponsibility.asp) Employment equity -is