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Social Disorganization Theory Essay

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1364 words
1364 words
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Can the Study of Social Disorganization solve Ferguson’s problems? Ferguson Missouri a small county of around twenty one thousand with a population of around sixty five percent being African American, with a lower than average median income, the county also peculiarly headed by many European Americans in top political positions such as city council, mayor and even the police and fire department, despite making up only thirty percent of the population. This unusual skew in political power many in the community attribute to indifference to voting, nepotism and conspiracy. To give some background on why these demographics exist; there was a mass migration of African Americans to the south, and this started around the nineteen seventies. This influx of Blacks initiated the Whites already settled in the area to then move out in an attempt circumvent the migration. So, the European Americans spread farther both east and south. This movement then created a partitioned society, segregated in terms of neighborhoods, and accommodations in terms of services, in many people’s eyes. It can be seen when such a migration and separation of races occurs usually the white society gets a much better end of the deal, an example would be Orange …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes ferguson's skew in political power, which many attribute to indifference to voting, nepotism and conspiracy.
  • Explains that there was a mass migration of african americans to the south, and this started around the nineteen seventies. this influx of blacks initiated the whites to move out.
  • Explains that white society gets a much better end of the deal when migration and separation of races occurs.
  • Opines that the problems that occur in ferguson stem from a social disconnection between the neighborhoods, the government, and third party organizations and structures that help in solving or skirting crime before it can happen.
  • Opines that the fatal shooting of michael brown by a white police officer is only the manifestation of community that was mollified by many years’ social norms and folkways being undone.
  • Asks if the recent riots that have lasted several months could be averted by law enforcement being aware of their areas views.
  • Asks what cultural influences play in how different races interact and do these interactions create tension that could lead to crime.
  • Describes how the existing policing methods affect the community and compares this to someone who isn't in community. the police themselves think that the enforcement should change.
  • Opines that by attempting to look at the problems in the community in a different and more critical way, they could improve the happiness, effectiveness and crime in communities.
  • Opines that research could create new avenues that are still not explored as a legitimate option to reduce crime and ease tensions between law enforcement and the people they govern.
  • Explains that the social disorganization theory is distinctive in comparison to other theories due to its focus on the places that impact the people within them.
  • Explains that the theory of social disorganization was first put forth by clifford shaw and henry mckay, who found the trend of higher than average juvenile delinquency rates in urban chicago neighborhoods.
  • Explains how kornhauser, stark, bursik and grasmick bolstered and gave the theory new life and helped augment more evidence into the idea.
  • Explains that early studies on social disorganization assumed from their statistics that social networks and the rules and norms that the culture abide by directly influence crime rates, but more in detail studies were begun many years later.
  • Opines that many studies fail to examine the relationship between social ties and informal control.
  • Explains that social ties are small groups of people who tie themselves together through social activities and events or are in close proximity of each other. they allow for interaction and create an atmosphere that allows for each to influence another.
  • Explains how the community uses social ties and creates an informal code of control to create an orderly neighborhood to live in.
  • Analyzes how sampson's construct of collective efficacy captures the linkage of trust and intervention for the common good.
  • Explains morenoff, sampson, and raudenbush's study of chicago that the effectiveness of controlling neighborhood rates of violence is attributed to how the violent tendencies are handled at the personal level.

The theory emphasis is on what role does the existing social norms and structures play on the people who operate within them, this refers to facets like: poverty, residential mobility, ethnic heterogeneity, and what connections the people have in their community that determine what ability they have to strengthen their position in the community. These factors may influence if the people in these communities are more probable to commit crimes due to their inability to have access to the opportunities that others have around

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