The consequences of Pip's actions shown in the novel allow us an insight into Dickens’s social ideals - Pip's life as a gentleman is no more pleasing than his life as a country labo... ... middle of paper ... ...hese classes and the differences between them were clear in the interaction of the characters and in the plot of novel. Dickens had a negative view of this system, where the upper class is all-powerful; the middle class consists of those envious of the upper class, and the lower class who are unable to succeed due to their birth status. People were categorized into classes and this was essential throughout the story, since Pip realizes that wealth and class are less significant than love, loyalty, and inner worth. The social class system that existed during the Victorian era caused a division between people. This difference in social class had brought upon separation between characters in the novel like Pip, Estella, Magwitch, Miss Havisham and Joe.
Nick Carraway tells us from the start that he’s tired of the dramas of the upper class. By saying he wants 'the world to be in uniform', the reader knows that class difference will be part of the novella's plot. The first class that Fitzgerald criticises is the rich, particularly those of 'old money'. During the 1920s there were social classes which segregated the people into different groups. The higher social classes during this time had a lot of money, but if you had earned instead of inherited your money you were considered 'new money' and therefore inferior.
Pygmalion and Society at the Time In this essay I will be discussing Bernard Shaw's representation of Edwardian Society in 'Pygmalion'. Shaw was a member of the Fabian Society; a collection of middle class people who believed that capitalism had created an unjust and unfair society. They were concerned about the unreasonable and imbalanced class system of the time and wanted to 'reconstruct society', creating an equal and fair civilisation with no class divide, which was so blatantly obvious due to the ignorance between classes. The rich lived lifestyles of luxury; the men would earn livings through land and property they owned and through careers such as scientists, lawyers and accountants. In the summer, they enjoyed a whole season of entertainment at their London house for tea and dinner parties, dances and visits to the theatre.
This is another major factor to novel, where the plot is surrounded by a social hierarchy that condemns the poor to a life of misery, and yet, condones any action that would normally be seen as immoral when it occurs in the aristocracy. It expands on the idea that only an education and inheritance will bring success in society, with few exceptions. Lastly, Dickens expands his opinions of society through his mockery of ... ... middle of paper ... ...heir obsession with materials and wealth. However, though each class tries to rise higher than those below, the fact is that each class is crucial in the survival of the others. Works Cited Dickens, Charles.
Similarly in Great Expectations Magwitch exclaims to Pip ‘I have lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard, that you should be above work’ (Dickens 319). Pam Morris highlights that Magwitch’s speech ‘reconnects wealthy lifestyle and conspicuous consumption to the reality of their source in degraded and punishing labour’ (Morris 116). This segregation of certain individuals created a socio-economic barrier that resulted in the Eloi and Morlocks and also caused Pip’s contempt of Magwitch despite Magwitch being his benefactor. Marxism and socialism are important in relation to the individual’s place within the social and economic sphere and what effects it had. Dickens and Wells in their evaluation of this use Marxism to present their opinions and thoughts.
The reason why Pip wants to be a "gentleman (upper-class people)" is due to changes in the surrounding environment. Later, the surrounding environment also caused his apathy or even dislike of Joe. From this point, the novel tells people that the human mind is easily lost to secular influences, so it is even more commendable to have a noble and pure soul than to own wealth and status. The British society in the novel was in the 19th century, when the social wealth rapidly expanded under the influence of the Industrial Revolution. The emergence of industrial capital has increased the temptation of wealth to people and widened the gap between the rich and the poor in society, especially between cities and villages.
The author forces the reader to open their hearts to a concept that today's capitalist, power hungry society has almost forgotten Upside down is a revelation of the unfairness faced by the majority of the world's population. Eduardo Galeano writes about the education system and how there is such a difference between rich and poor children and how teachers are not getting paid enough for the work they are entrusted with. Throughout the novel, Galeano continues to challenge neoliberal ideas and how human beings are attracted to capitalism because like democracy, there is choice but according to the author, choice is limited by race, gender and religion. The author also commits to the awareness of large corporations and global financial systems such as the World Trade Organization and the International Monetary Fund controlling the world. Those with the power to gather and to change hide behind their mask of comfort, choosing to ignore the injustices faced by others.
The two classes separated by thought are constantly in collision with each other. Through the intermarriage of Lizzie Hexam and Eugene Wrayburn, another connection between the upper and lower class develops. Their marriage is a metaphor for the association two castes have with each other. Though at first their relation is not fully visible and can easily be ignored and denied due to social differences, but when Wray... ... middle of paper ... ...ions of society through his mockery of the obsessive desire for wealth, the way both halves of civilization live, and the negative impact of wealth that corrupts and destroys humanity. Works Cited Dickens, Charles.
The play in its entirety is a satire of educational and social norms in Victorian England. In Pygmalion, George Bernard Shaw utilizes characterization and character relationships to show the flaw of domination in education and class systems. The educational system and the class system lacks individualism for the lower or submissive members of society. Eliza Doolittle’s characterization is a stereotypical member of the poor working class from her occupation of being a flower girl to her incomprehensible Cockney dialect: “Ow, eez ye-ooa san, is e?” (I, 55). Her distinct diction allows the reader to easily identify what social class Eliza belongs to.
Wilde also portrays women to have greater social and moral responsibility and power than men contrary to the ideology that “a woman was inferior to a man” and thus should be powerless. Also critiqued is the immorality of upper class society through their behaviour. Contrary to this the only characters in which are moral are the working class represented by Merriman.Therefore Wilde comprehensively challenges what were dominant ideologies in Victorian England through the use of characters and themes. The Importance of Being Earnest was first played in 1894 during the Victorian era. Oscar Wilde was educated at Oxford, he prospered in College and settled in London in 1878, where he was accepted into the upper-class and aristocratic circles of the society at the time.