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Social Control Theories

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This paper describe about different types of control theories and the application of control theory in real world context. Social control theory is based on philosophical principles that individuals automatically would commit crime if they left alone with situation. In other words, we, all are born with criminal characteristics and learn to follow laws as we grow in society. Many sociologist and criminologist have suggested that acceptance of social norms and beliefs are a vital evidence of someone is a reputed member in society or a criminal. Control theories not only use to evaluate delinquent behavior of the juvenile populations, but also adult populations. Travis Hirschi’s social control is used more in the field of criminology and criminal…show more content…
People who deviate from social norm are motivated by anti-social people such as criminals and drug addicted. Control theory suggests the opposite hypothesis, in that people will naturally commit crime if situation allowed doing so (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 203). The control theories suggest that every society have a set of values, norms and behavior for their citizen. A person is considered as anti-social, if s/he breaks the norms set by the society. Albert J. Reiss’s article, in 1951 described about various aspects of control theory (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 203). The researchers showed that juvenile were more violent when they were identified of lacking self-controlling capacity (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 203). Young adults with less self controlling capacities were not able show good behavior and lead to delinquent behavior. It was found that when young-adults were frequently absent from the school and the school authorities believed them as having involved in anti-social activities (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 204). When social norms are weak on an individual, then that individual may get involve in the anti-social activities. Reiss’ suggested that juveniles’ delinquent behavior rate can be influenced by several other factors outside the perimeter of control theory, however, later he was inclined towards control theories (Bernard et al., 2010,…show more content…
Social control theory is established on logical values that individuals naturally commit crime if they are left alone. In other words, we, all are born with some criminal characteristics. We learn social norms as we grow. The recent research suggested that obedience and self-control in early age is important before their personality deviate. Policies have been implemented based on control theories to control crime and delinquency (Bernard et al., 2010, p. 219). As a criminologist, this is our duty to do more research to strengthen the control theory and stop
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