Social Contract Beliefs Of John Locke Vs. Thomas Hobbes

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Both John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were social contract theorists and natural law theorists. Both are similar in that they agree that man exists without government, and both speak of risks in this state. While both speak of the dangers of a state of nature, Locke speaks of the potential benefits and Hobbes is more pessimistic. Hobbes speaks of states of nature exist only in theory whereas Locke points out examples where they exist. But, John Locke assumed that man was by nature a social animal, and Hobbes felt that man is not by nature a social animal, and that society could not exist except by the power of the state. Locke felt that people know right from wrong and that they are able to resolve conflict, whereas Hobbes believed that people are naturally wicked and would do anything to better their position. John Locke was born on August 29, 1632 in Wrington, England, his father was a lawyer. John Locke was an English philosopher. John Locke attended Westminster High School and after graduating he attended the University of Oxford. While attending Oxford, he studied medicine. John Locke became a philosopher, writing mainly about political philosophy. John Locke's writings helped found modern western philosophy and changed the way of people’s views for years and still changed peoples view even today. John Locke was also one of the most important people from the age of enlightenment. The enlightenment age was described by a rational and scientific approach to religious, social, political, and economic issue. The purpose was to change society using reason, and to challenge ideas in tradition and faith, and advance Costanzo 2 knowledge through the scientific method. It promoted scientific thought, disbelief, and intelle... ... middle of paper ... ...n was to be made by the king Even though, John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were both social contract theorists and natural law theorists, they believed in different theories. Thomas Hobbes believed that humans are not by nature social animals. He felt that we live in a society that we must watch for dangers and live in fear. John Locke, however, believed that humans did in fact belong to a social class and should live in peace naturally. Thomas Hobbes felt that human beings are constantly engaging in violent acts against one another, whereas John Locke felt that violence is not acceptable due to the freedom given to individuals. Their beliefs were a vast difference from each other. Hobbes believed in accepting a ruler with complete control over the population, whereas Locke insisted on a democratic government that does not deny freedom to individuals within society.

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