After the Age of Enlightenment in the mid 18th century in England, the tension between the social classes intensified even more. A huge gap generated between the aristocrats and the working class, but dozens of new layers of society appeared. While the rich lived to the fullest, the lower class starved and needed to find alternative ways of money making. Prostitution became more and more widespread, which lead to an inequality and social stratification between poor and rich and due to the economical crisis the number of prostitutes grew from year to year. Aristocrats and nobility looked down on the working class with judgement and disgust, and when prostitution became legalized in England after the Contagious Diseases Acts it made a big public controversy. Prostitution was not only judged and criticized by the upper class, but also kept in fear by the historical figure, Jack the Ripper. In the 19th century prostitution became one of the most common ways of earning money because of the economical and industrial changes, which raised tensions between classes and became a major concern of the Victorian Era. The 19th century began to accelerate social transformation, and then recognized the insightful thinkers to show the progress of equality in a democratic direction. The feudal societies of demographic change, the transformation of the economy, the spread of new ideas and the strengthening of the state power gradually transformed. More populous, agile and prosperous society was established which has consciously tried to eliminate the most blatant manifestations of human inequality. The new 19th century, which couldn’t be called democratic society yet, however, the assets, property and wealth has become increasingly important, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ebar out of society and catching sexual diseases, but many women got killed around England, but mostly in London. One of the most famous serial killer of all times is Jack the Ripper. The figure of Jack the Ripper is hidden behind a great mystery, there is no proof or any reliable evidence on his identity. Works Cited Richard D. Altick, Victorian People and Ideas (New York, Northon, 1973) 238, 259 Jeremy Black and Donald M. Macraild, 19th Century Britain (New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2003) 100-104 Peter Mandler, Introduction: State and Society in Victorian Britain (Oxford University Press 2006) 18-19 Alexandre Parent du Châtelet, De la Prostitution dans la ville de Paris (Paris, 1842) 17-18 Mary Wilson Carpenter, Health, medicine and society in Victorian England (Santa Barbara, Praeger 2010) 168 W. Acton, Social and Moral Relations (London 1865) 112
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... increased, men became more involved in the sex industry. From the case of Helen Jewett and Robert P. Robinson, a new image of prostitution was created, as well as the new sporting man culture. Prostitution was not unique to women, for subcultures of male prostitutes and homosexuals existed. In the sex community, women formed support networks with one another, creating sisterhoods. As the years progressed, sex became more integrated into popular culture and public space, accessible to all classes of New Yorkers. Police and politics were often ineffective with handling prostitution, and often time’s police officers were handsomely paid off by well-known establishments; vigilantism was a result of this inadequate policing. Finally, in the late 1900s, Charles Henry Parkhurst led the most popular anti-prostitution campaign, resulting in the decline in the sex industry.
Waters, Chris. "Robert Louis Stevenson". Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. Sally Mitchell and Michael J. Herr. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc, 1988. 760-761.
From 1888-1891 a portion of London England known as Whitechapel was terrorized by a rash of murders. In total eleven women were murdered, five of those are thought to be the victim of one of the most well-known serial killers whom was never identified, Jack the Ripper. Out of the murders committed in the two year period, the five had like backgrounds, they lived in boarding houses and were prostitutes, alcoholics, or both. The women were found with their bodies lying on their backs with the legs spread apart. The victims were also found to have been murdered in like fashion with their throats had been slit and their bodies mutilated. This gave Jack the Ripper a specific modus operandi narrowing down the field of likely victims from the original total. Those five murders also took place in a time span of ten months.
Prostitution in the nineteenth century was perhaps one of the most degrading positions for a woman during the era. Identified by dress, makeup, and forward mannerisms, a woman employed within the business was avoided by all respectable persons. Once tainted by the immoral sin a woman could never return to good g...
The Victorian Age in England was a time when crime was rampant, people were starving, and life was generally difficult. In these times, there were really only two social classes, the upper class, and the lower class. Everyone in the lower class had troubles, but children had it the hardest. While most everyone had a difficult life, it was worst for children; forcing them towards crime and leading them into the arms of prison.
The victims of the crimes were four prostitutes from London named Mary Nichols, Annie Champan, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes, and Mary Kelly. These were the only named victims of Jack the Ripper, but there is speculation on some earlier murders that could’ve been him which included, Martha Tabram, Alice McKenzie, and Frances Coles. They were each murdered and disemboweled with a knife by Jack the Ripper. The knife was used to cut the victims’ throats and slash their bodies and sometimes used to cut out individua...
Jack the Ripper is a mythic figure comparable with Frankenstein and Dracula. The Rippers first three murdered whores, in 1888, were believed to be by the same person. These murdered victims all seemed to occur around the Parish Church of Saint Mary, also called “the White Chapel.” (Fido…1)
“Jack the Ripper”, an alias given because someone sent and signed a letter in that name, is the infamous serial killer that harmed the streets of Whitechapel district in East End London during 1888. The Ripper murdered, from what is known, at least five prostitutes in an unusual medical manner that helped provide the police with a hint that the killer might have been educated in the human anatomy (Biography.com). The killer became and remained famous for numerous reasons, one of them being that the media romanticized him. Media transformed the Ripper from a “sad killer of women” into a “bogey man”, becoming “the most romantic figures in history” (Barbee). Jack the Ripper was never caught, letting him remain as one of the world’s most infamous
In London of 1888 there was an unknown serial killer that was named Jack the Ripper. The name “Jack the Ripper” originally came from a letter from someone that claimed to be the killer. The killer was also called, “the Whitechapel Murderer” and the “Leather Apron.” In this essay I will talk about the mystery of Jack the Ripper and the killings and talk about some questions, such as, who was Jack the Ripper, why did he kill those women, and all in such a similar manner, and how did he know so much about the human body.
Jack the Ripper murdered five women between the time of 31st of August 1888 and the 9th of November 1888. They were murdered within Whitechapel and Spitalfields in the East End areas of London, England. He was never caught, and because he was not there are hundreds on his personality and motives. There has been no other killers in the British history that rivaled the gruesome, disrespectful, utterly superior Jack the Ripper, a multiple murderer whose arrogance and self-assurance defied the entire police department within London and held in a great terror in a great city for as long as he cared to roam its streets and slay at will.
In some form or other, prostitution has been recognized throughout history and all over the world. There has been alternating phases of repression and toleration of prostitution. Official Christian morality has always opposed prostitution, but in big cities prostitution has been rather open and tolerated in Christian societies until the sixteenth century when venereal disease became a major public problem. At that time public authorities began denouncing prostitution and took severe measures to eliminate it. By the nineteenth century, official enforcement of rules against prostitution had become lax in the U.S. and England; while in nations such as France had rather wide open houses of prostitution in major cities. The U.S. launched a campaign to suppress prostitution. Industrialization and mass communication seem to have been associated with increased repression of deviance in general and sexual deviance in particular.
Ellis, Sarah Stickney. “The Women of England: Their Social Duties and Domestic Habits.” The Longman