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As a 2012 article published by webmd.com points out, “social anxiety disorder is the most common anxiety disorder and the third most common mental disorder in the U.S., after depression and alcohol dependence.” Specific data included in the same article states that “an estimated 19.2 million Americans have social anxiety. The disorder most often surfaces in adolescence or early adulthood, but can occur at any time, including early childhood.” Furthermore, the article indicates that social anxiety disorder “…is more common in women than in men.” According to a 2011 Mayo Clinic staff article supports research studies which believe one possible cause is genetics. These studies explain there are no definitive causes for social anxiety disorder, however, anxiety disorders “tend to run in families.” This evidence leads researchers to the conclusion that this disorder could be “inherited through genes.” Another belief is that this disorder may be related to an imbalance of a br... ... middle of paper ... ...ess: how to conquer social anxieties. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. Print.
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Introduction This literature review is focusing on discussing the effects of seclusion and restraints on treatment consequences of patients in mental health area. Seclusion and Restraint are used for controlling the behavioral patterns of the mentally ill patients in different surroundings consisting of psychiatric management facilities and hospitals (Kentley, 2009). Over past decade, comprehensible consensus has come out that seclusion and restraints are secure interventions of last alternative and application of those interventions should and can be diminished significantly (Knight, 2011). However, recent studies indicated that it is traumatic for patients experiencing or witnessing restraint and seclusion traumatic; patients can feel high levels of anxiety, fear, and anger once aware that restraint is going to take place, sometimes it could resulting in an exacerbation of patient’s mental status (Stewart et al, 2010). Due to the humanitarian, ethical, and legal issues which could lead to, seclusion and restraints are known as the most controversial management strategies (Holmes, Kennedy & Perron, 2004).
One feeling that is quite common, especially among adolescents and children is anxiety, more specifically, separation anxiety. Although many people are unaware of its existence, social anxiety disorder is the third most common psychiatric disorder, after depression and alcoholism, according to the Medical Research Council on Anxiety Disorders. Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD) affects between 3% and 13% of adolescents (Eisen & Schaefer, 2005). While some people believe that separation anxiety is simply a fear of being alone that is caused by simple factors such as smothering a child or never leaving a child in the care of another human being, this disorder is a complex and multifaceted emotion that can be caused by several factors such as changes in the environment, stress, or the build of a family. This paper will focus on ... ... middle of paper ... ...iatry research.