Kinship is used to describe the relationship that exists between or among entities or individuals that share a common origin in terms of culture, historical ancestry or biological relationship. Kinship refers to the relationships defined by a particular culture among or between individuals who have a common family ties. Kinship is used as a basis to classify people and to form social groups in the different societies. The patterns and rules that govern kinship differ in the various communities all around the world. Kinship, in anthropology, defines relationship of people through marriage (invariably referred to as affinity), and through descent, also known as consanguinity.
Kinship is understood as the relationships in a society through blood and marriage. It is considered a fundamental cultural basis. From kinship systems social norms develop in the communities, including rights and responsibilities, greatly impacting behavior. These systems are described as kinship terms, relationships and groups in a society. Kinship ultimately has two core functions through kinship systems that are crucial for the preservation of culture and societies.
Kin then contains two or more lineages (Parkin and Stone, 2004:43). When an individual refers to their kin, it can have different meanings as a group can be divided into unilateral divisions. This basically means that some members are lineages and some are clans. A clan can be understood as 'unilateral exogamous group'. (Parkin and Stone, 2004:43) Marriage is an important aspect in kinship.
Cultures is also a big part of who we are as people and it makes us who we are. Also it defines us and how unique we are from other people around the world. “Cultural anthropology is the nature of human condition to live within structures of symbol, belief, and power of our own fashioning: religion, art, gender, war, ecosystems, race relations, kinship, ad so many others that they study. They use methods, concepts, and data of archaeology, ethnography and ethnology, folklore, and linguistics in its descriptions of the diverse people of the world” (Cultural Anthropology). This overall means that we all have different methods and ways of defining ourselves and culture with its celebrations, religion, art, and may others.
Blood Bonds, Antigone, and The Eumenides Every human on this earth has a bond to another. These bonds, as well as their significance, differ between people. This paper will focus on the bonds of marriage and blood, and their role in the plays Antigone and The Eumenides. How do they relate to each other? Is one more important than the other?
Kinship as a Mechanism for Social Integrating It is often demonstrated in many anthropological studies that kinship acts as an important means for social integrating in a given society. But is it a fair generalization to say that kinship always functions as a mechanism for social integration? Kinship refers to the relationships established through marriage or descent groups that has been proven in some societies to lead to social integrating, or the process of interaction with other individuals. When researching the case studies we have explored, I found that two main events that utilized kinship for social integrating were death and marriage. In the Trobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea, in the northern Kiriwina Island, is where the Trobrianders, studied by Anette Wiener(1988), live.
It is important to address how families can differ to fully understand the misconceptions of the sociological perspectives on family. Families can differ within a marriage. The marriage can be endogamy or exogamy. Endogamy is the marriage within people of the same social category, and
It puts into considerations various questions as how people’s behavior differ over a period of time, how people travel over the world and how people from different cultures are unique (Coleman & Simpson, 2001). Anthropology constitutes several subfields such as linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, archeology and physical anthropology (Coleman & Simpson, 2001). Cultural anthropologists put a lot of emphasis on the link between cultures and societies. Linguistic anthropologists study how languages are formed, and how culture and language associate with each other. As humans, it is vital not only to understand the human origin, but also to understand other people’s culture.
There are many ways in which one can describe and define marriage. There are legal, biblical and personal definitions, each with its own distinct basis for its definition, but which is the right one? The decision of which definition is the right one depends on where one lives and what one believes. Marriage has evolved throughout history. In today’s society there are many different types of unions that can be viewed as marriage.
Through the sociological theory of cultural variation, the differences in social behaviors that prevail within cultures reflect the differences in one 's perception of the ideals in terms of family and gender roles.What one may consider a ‘normal’ functioning family system may be at odds with another cultural family systems. Different cultures have different perceptions of family; for example, polygamous familial structures are common in Siberia in comparison to Western cultures where the nuclear family structure is common. Conversely, Indian familial structures differ, for the Indian cultural norm is the extended family where multiple generations live in one household. Cross-cultural analysis of family structures also demonstrates the influence family has on