Sleep, Sleep Disorder, and Treatments

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We go through five stages of sleep: The number one stage occurs when we go from being awake to being asleep. The second stage is when we are in a very light sleep, from which we can wake up very easily. The third and fourth stages are the deepest sleep stages. Finally, the fifth stage is call REM. In this last stage, the eyes move very fast and is when we dream (Tagluk, Emin, Sezgin, Necmettin, Akin, Mehmet, 2010). Scientific have not find out the real reason of why we dream, there are some theories that suggest that we dream because dreaming is essential for our mental, emotional health and that it plays an important role in the memory system, and it help to recover from trauma and stressful (Young, 2011). According to the International Forum of Psychoanalysis dreams are part of the psychoanalytic therapies. The International Forum of Psychoanalysis says that during the dreams, the humans deal with problems that can be part of their real life (Taylor & Francis, 2008). Furthermore, the dreams interpretation is a current clinically used in some therapies (Brenneis, 1997). In addition, there are some cultures that believe that dreaming are divine interventions or supernatural communications with their ancestors (Young, 2011). For example, the Kalapalo Indians of Central Brazil believe that the dreams talk about the dreamer’s life, motivations, and fears. Also, in Mexico, the Zuni only talk about their positive dreams when they come true. Moreover, there are some religion in Africa and Latin American that consider that when we dream our spirit wander outside of our body (Young, 2011). Sleep is different for everyone. Newborns wake up every three to four hours every night until they become six month old, and six m... ... middle of paper ... ...98), 155. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/199010489?accountid=87314 Chaput, and Tremblay, (2012). Adequate sleep to improve the treatment of obesity. Canadian Medical Association. Journal, 184 (18), 1975-6. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1314301769?accountid=87314 Morselli, Guyon, A, and Spiegel, K. (2012). Sleep and metabolic function. Pflügers Archiv – EuropeanJournal of Physiology, 463 (1), 139-60. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00424-011-1053-z Zuckerman, P. (2005). Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: A Handbook for Primary Care: Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Company. Sleep loss and accidents--work hours, life style, and sleep,(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21531252 What do we dream? - Depression Forums. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.depressionforums.org/sleep/2251-what-do-we-dream

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