Even though this condition is unusual there is a reasonable explanation. Not only are people paralyzed during sleep paralysis, but many often hallucinate during it as well. When you are falling asleep and experience sleep paralysis it is called hypnopompic hallucinations. Many say as they are falling asleep, they experience a tingling sensation which travels up their body and suddenly they become paralyzed unable to move. Many also experience hypnagogic sleep paralysis.
It is not common as somniloquism. It is probably caused by emotional disturbances. (Laird 403). Sleepwalking is when a person moves around in bed or leaves the bed and walks around in a sound sleep. In adults, continued sleepwalking may be a sign of an illness such as epilepsy or of anxiety or stress.
Essentially, they occur because a person is in a mixed state of being both asleep and awake, generally coming from the deepest stage of non-dreaming sleep. The individual is awake enough to act out complex behaviors, but asleep enough not to be aware of or remember them. Arousal disorders (parasomnia) are common in young children but may occur in adults as well. These disorders tend to run in families and might be made worse when overly tired or stressed, a high fever, or when taking certain medications. Confusional Arousals can occur at any age.
Parasomnias occur when an individual has an abrupt, partial awakening from deep sleep and performs “complex behaviors while asleep” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleepwalking, 2013, para 1). When discussing sleepwalking, one must understand whom most commonly experiences somnambulism, what causes it, ways to treat sleepwalking and techniques to prevent sleepwalking from happening. Children are the ones who most frequently experience sleepwalking (Mindell & Owens, 2003, p. 270). It is common for many children to walk “staggered and clumsy with the child having a blank expression on their face” (Clements, & Kravitz, 2007, para 19). Most episodes of sleepwalking last around thirty minutes but durations can vary (Clements, & Kravitz, 2007).
This is because this disorder disrupts the normal wake patterns and people very rarely get a full night sleep. Narcolepsy causes micro-naps. Micro-naps are sudden burst of sleep where people will literally fall asleep while doing various activities throughout their day. Narcolepsy has three symptoms that differ with every case. These other symptoms are called cataplexy, hynogogic hallucinations, and sleep paral... ... middle of paper ... ...cing sleep.
This is a result of relaxation of the soft tissues around the airway in the rear portion of the throat, which block the passage of air, causing obstruction. The cessation of breathing throughout the night disrupts sleep and causes wakeful episodes, as many as hundreds per hour of sleep. These disruptions cause the sufferer to arise the next morning feeling as if he or she did not sleep at all, and they are typically unaware that they actually did not sleep. There are several risk factors for developing sleep apnea. Those who are overweight, especially if considered to be obese or morbidly obese, and those who smoke have a much higher risk for developing sleep apnea.
One patient described their experience of sleep paralysis, “I think I mean that sleep paralysis feels like it has no objective life. The experience is defined by a complete inability to interact with the objective world, while still being forced to exist within it” (Byrne). The individuals who suffer from sleep paralysis feel like
People that suffer from narcolepsy normally experience falling asleep suddenly while being active while like walking or driving, extreme muscle weakness or the inability to move at all during an attack. The exact causes or treatments for narcolepsy are unknown, except that taking a long nap during the day or taking antidepressants could lessen the occurrences of sudden attacks. o One more serious form of dyssomnia is sleep apnea. It is characterized by failing to breathe momentarily while sleeping, and then breathe sharply to catch their breath back. The causes of sleep apnea can be blocked airway passages or the brain failing to send signals to the diaphragm.
These causes are fr... ... middle of paper ... ...sue. People with Alzheimer's lose their mental abilities and that can disrupt the wake/sleep cycle, which may cause sleep problems. Restless legs syndrome is an overwhelming urge to move the legs. It is usually accompanied by an unpleasant sensation. Symptoms of restless legs are mostly severe during the night which makes it difficult to sleep.
Sleepiness is a biological function that is defined as the increase in the tendency to sleep. Excessive sleepiness is the abnormal increase in the likelihood of dozing off, falling asleep or having sleep attacks at times when the sleep is not desired. Excessive sleepiness is a condition that is characterized by persistent sleepiness and regularly a lack of energy even during the day after outwardly adequate or prolonged nighttime sleep. This condition is referred to as hypersomnia. Hypersomnia interferes with the daily activities of the victims.