Slavery in Colonial America
The first arrivals of Africans in America were treated similarly to the indentured servants in Europe. Black servants were treated differently from the white servants and by 1740 the slavery system in colonial America was fully developed.
Slavery as it existed in America was a practice founded on the chattel principle. Slaves were treated as human chattel to be traded, sold, used, and ranked not among beings, but among things, as an article of property to the owner or possessor.
Slavery is a long history that has happened in the United States of America. For years the south in the United States long had slaves working out on the fields, picking cotton or some other task the slave masters had for them. Some had it a bit easier then the ones out on the fields doing domestic chores inside the slaves master house. The slaves weren’t able to read or write and for a reason it was kept like that. The women who worked inside the house could be known as a sex object for the slave master. The “southern code of conduct” did not protect slave women. The religious messages the slaves took from black Christianity contradicted what their master church has been telling them. Men ran away more often then women due to many reasons. Lastly, the Louisiana Purchase helped sustain slavery in the south.
Slavery is a very touchy and uncomfortable topic for many of us. It was a harsh, degrading, and painful part of American History, but due to the suffering of so many African Americans, laws were written and placed into action that we still live by today. Slavery has been a very important part of our history. It is the very reason that our country has evolved into a country of freedom and equality. The laws that have been written by our ancestors are why the United States is the melting pot that it has become with the diversity of cultures, religions, and ethnic backgrounds. Believe it or not, we (our country) went through the ugly part of our culture to get to what is now set up to protect not only Americans, but many people that now live in the United States today that are not quite American citizens.
The cause of slavery is very important to the history of America for some. Many think that capitalism started slavery. With this form of civilization, religion and economy were involved, making church and state ruled together when they should be ruled separately. Most slavery was based on the racial differences, another part of capitalism, but it also said that blacks, or otherwise known as “Negroes,” were impersonal. Capitalism started as evil was spreading in the South and soon made its way to the New England and Middle colonies. This lifestyle didn’t work as most of the people were of the gentry class, and were sybarites, wanting people to do the work for them. There were first indentured servants to do the jobs, but they wouldn’t stay forever to work on the farms and plantations. The indentured servants would only stay until they had payed of what they owed when the upper class paid for their trip to America. Mostly farmers and plantation owners wanted slaves because they would be people who would work for them until their death. They didn’t want those who would end up leaving after a while, so slavery ended up starting. People were importing blacks from Africa and imported them by using the Middle Passage. Slavery soon became a big importance in America, and the slaves were given certain occupations instead of becoming free like everyone else who came to America from Europe.
Slavery was the main resource used in the Chesapeake tobacco plantations. The conditions in the Chesapeake region were difficult, which lead to malnutrition, disease, and even death. Slaves were a cheap and an abundant resource, which could be easily replaced at any time. The Chesapeake region’s tobacco industries grew and flourished on the intolerable and inhumane acts of slavery.
Slavery in the United States
In the history of the United States nothing has brought more
shame to the face of America than the cold, premeditated
method of keeping black people in captivity. People from
England who migrated to America used many different methods
to enslave black people and passed them down through the
children. These methods were quite effective, so effective that
these “slaves” were kept in captivity for over two hundred years
in this country. It was the rain of terror that kept black people in
fear of their lives for so long. The invention of the gun back in
the fifth-teenth century was the main reason that these people
were able to go to another continent and enslave so many
Slavery became of fundamental importance in the early modern Atlantic world when Europeans decided to transport thousands of Africans to the Western Hemisphere to provide labor in place of indentured servants and with the rapid expansion of new lands in the mid-west there was increasing need for more laborers. The first Africans to have been imported as laborers to the first thirteen colonies were purchased by English settlers in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619 from a Dutch warship. Later in 1624, the Dutch East India Company brought the first enslaved Africans in Dutch New Amsterdam.
Between 1800 and 1860 slavery in the American South had become a ‘peculiar institution’ during these times. Although it may have seemed that the worst was over when it came to slavery, it had just begun. The time gap within 1800 and 1860 had slavery at an all time high from what it looks like. As soon as the cotton production had become a long staple trade source it gave more reason for slavery to exist. Varieties of slavery were instituted as well, especially once international slave trading was banned in America after 1808, they had to think of a way to keep it going – which they did. Nonetheless, slavery in the American South had never declined; it may have just come to a halt for a long while, but during this time between 1800 and 1860, it shows it could have been at an all time high.
Slavery in Colonial America
Slavery was created in pre-revolutionary America at the start of the seventeenth century. By the time of the Revolution, slavery had undergone drastic changes and was nothing at all what it was like when it was started. In fact the beginning of slavery did not even start with the enslavement of African Americans. Not only did the people who were enslaved change, but the treatment of slaves and the culture that each generation lived in, changed as well.
When America was first founded the colonists believed that they could do one of two things.
Slavery in the eighteenth century was worst for African Americans. Observers of slaves suggested that slave characteristics like: clumsiness, untidiness, littleness, destructiveness, and inability to learn the white people were “better.” Despite white society's belief that slaves were nothing more than laborers when in fact they were a part of an elaborate and well defined social structure that gave them identity and sustained them in their silent protest.