The Development of Slavery in North America The development of slavery in the Americas began as early as 1500, after the arrival of the Spanish, and first centered around the Caribbean. However, a lucrative triangle trading system between England, Africa and North America greatly increased the slave trade during the 1600’s (Foner, 38). At the time, slavery was driven by market forces, and largely defined by geographical necessity.
Slavery in Colonial America Slavery was created in pre-revolutionary America at the start of the seventeenth century. By the time of the Revolution, slavery had undergone drastic changes and was nothing at all what it was like when it was started. In fact the beginning of slavery did not even start with the enslavement of African Americans. Not only did the people who were enslaved change, but the treatment of slaves and the culture that each generation lived in, changed as well. When America was first founded the colonists believed that they could do one of two things.
Slavery was the main resource used in the Chesapeake tobacco plantations. The conditions in the Chesapeake region were difficult, which lead to malnutrition, disease, and even death. Slaves were a cheap and an abundant resource, which could be easily replaced at any time. The Chesapeake region’s tobacco industries grew and flourished on the intolerable and inhumane acts of slavery.
Slavery in the United States The development and institution of slavery in the United States began when the U.S didn't even exist. When British colonies where beginning to pop up all over North East America there was a very noticeable problem; too much land and not enough people to work it. In order to work the land as much as possible many wealthy British colonist would pay to have indentured servants come to the new world and in return the indentured servants would work for them for seven years for free. At this time the servant would become free, however many servants died or ran away therefore fewer and fewer Europeans wanted to come to the New World.
This research paper will serve to examine the development of slavery in the United States, starting from the 17th century by the colonists of Virginia. It will analyze the spread of slavery throughout the American colonies, and identify the disagreements between the North and the South. The paper will explain the daily lives of slaves, and argue how oppressing black slaves was unjust, introducing the Civil War and how it began. It will also express the Emancipation Proclamation along with the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments. This will lead to apprehend how the slaves attained their freedom.
Slavery in Colonial America The first arrivals of Africans in America were treated similarly to the indentured servants in Europe. Black servants were treated differently from the white servants and by 1740 the slavery system in colonial America was fully developed. Slavery as it existed in America was a practice founded on the chattel principle. Slaves were treated as human chattel to be traded, sold, used, and ranked not among beings, but among things, as an article of property to the owner or possessor.
Slavery has played a major role in colonial America since European colonization. When Europe colonized America, there was a lot of work that needed to be done. With the vast land and lack of laborers, slaves were introduced to the new world. Dutch ships brought African slaves into America and started to use slaves as laborers. Slaves became the solution to the problem in hand. During the American Revolution, Slavery was an issue that was overlooked by the people and government. The people of America just wanted their independence and liberty from Great Britain. They did not see that slaves were people too and should have equal rights just like them. By the eighteenth century, America was influenced by John Locke’s theory of natural rights.
Slavery in America began in 1619 when a Dutch ship, the White Lion, brought over 20 African slaves to Jamestown, Virginia. People felt that slaves were a better source of labor than the indentured servants, which was also cheaper. It is estimated that just in the 18th century, six to seven million more slaves were imported. Black slaves mainly worked on tobacco, indigo, and rice plantations during the 17th and 18th centuries. They had no rights, no say in where they lived, and could hold no representation in government. After the American Revolution (1775-1783), many colonists, mostly up North, called for the abolishment of slavery. Then the U.S. Constitution stated that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person. This
The first obstacle that Blacks encountered was the “fight to fight.” Blacks were initially rejected as soldiers from both the Union and Confederate armies. Whites defined the war as a white’s man war and were not inclined to include Blacks in the fight. When a group of Ohio Blacks petitioned for the right to participate in the war Governor David Tod of Ohio stated, “Do you not know…that this is a white man’s government; that white men are able to defend the power and protect it? (McPherson 2008)” Other objections were that blacks were “too timid and would not make good soldiers,” and white soldiers wouldn’t volunteered if force to serve alongside “savage Blacks.” Furthermore, others believed that if Blacks did serve honorably they would demand for equal treatment in society. A northern congressman declared, “If you make him the instrument by which battles are fought, the means by which your victories are won…you must treat him as a victor is entitled to be treated, with all decent and becoming respect (McPherson 2008).”
Decades after 1619 in which tobacco farming was booming in Virginia, farmers increasingly needed help which drove the need for slaves almost until Lincoln’s time. Long before America had ships to travel to Sierra Leone, Africa, to take slaves to bring back to the New World, Europeans and wealthier Africans had already infringed on the slavery idea. At the time of the Constitution’s ratification on September 17, 1787, there were approximately 700,000 slaves (18% of the population) in the United States of America. The idea of slavery in America was based on race and wealth.