Slavery At A Glance : Slavery

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Slavery at a Glance
According to the 1810 census, a jump in almost two million Americans occurred in just ten years. Over twenty percent of these two million people were black slaves who resided in the South. While slaves made up a large majority of the increase of Americans they did not have the freedom of a white. Slaves were counted as three- fifths, meaning they could not vote but the population increased the number of representatives in the South. Slavery was opposed by some and supported by others and was clear cut across party lines. In the North a machine economy was arising which relied on wage laborers and not slaves. This lead the Northern Representatives to favoring a strong bill against slavery, but issues arose such as: where the freed black would be placed, how they would survive in the South uneducated, and without possessions. The South was pro slavery for every reason possible; dependent on crop the only way to get the work done was slavery. It was believed that slaves needed slavery so that they would be protected and cared for. In the 1830’s a new set of laws were put in place over free blacks. These laws required people of color to be registered under a white guardian. It was when the South began to relies there dependence on the North for manufactured goods, and capitol that Southern, industries, commerce, and shipping were considered. This plan fell through though when slave owners would not take the risk when they were profiting from farming. The fugitive law is one of the many changes made in slavery, this law blacks were denied a jury trial, the right to testify, and other basic rights. This lead to no one of color being safe, such as Solomon Northup, a free black man who was kidnapped and sold into...

... middle of paper ... of the civil war. Many things came together during the 1800’s that lead the Civil War. One of these reasons was the fall of the Whig Party. The Whigs opposed annexations because they threatened the harmony of the sections. The Whigs were too divided, this lead to them not being able to answer back to the Democrats attempts to bring back the manifest issue in 1854. The Kansas- Nebraska Act wreaked havoc; this act would allow slavery in areas where it had never been permitted before. This act was supported by Southerners which lead to the North becoming more worried about ending slavery. In 1857 salves legal status was debated in Dred Scott verses Sandford, when a free slave argued for his freedom. His argument was that he had lived where slavery was prohibited by the Missouri Compromise. Scott lost the case because Congress had no power to control slavery there.
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