Slave Trading

analytical Essay
1912 words
1912 words

“African slavery is the corner-stone of the industrial, social, and political fabric of the South; and whatever wars against it, wars against her very existence. Strike down the institution of African slavery and you reduce the South to depopulation and barbarism.” –Lawerence Keitt, South Carolina Congressman, 1860 Slave trading dates back to ancient times, but it did not become popular until the fifteenth century when the Portugese began engaging in slave trading for profit. The colonization of the Americas brought about a new wave of slave importation in the late seventeenth century. A large percentage of the indentured servants and Native Americans were dying from diseases bought to the land by Europeans, and the American colonists were forced to look elsewhere for laborers. They discovered that African Americans were virtually immune to tropical diseases, cheap to import, and were experienced agrarians, so they championed slavery under the premise that African Americans were inferior to their own race. Because slaves were cheap, it was much easier for a planter to work a slave to his death and replace him with another than to treat him well. By the end of the seventeenth century, African American were being imported to the Americas and sold to planters by the thousands. Slavery, indeed, became the “cornerstone” of America’s economic success. Without the grueling labor of the slaves, the booming sugar, rice, cotton, and tobacco industries would have ceased to exist in the New World. As the Americas evolved from a simple farming society into an agricultural stronghold, settlers became more and more dependent on slavery. By the mid-eighteenth century, slaves vastly outnumbered colonists. During the seventeenth, eight... ... middle of paper ... ...audah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa, the African, Written by Himself, volume 1, 70-88. Thomas Clarkson, The History of the Rise, Progress, and Accomplishments of the African Slave Trade by the British Parliament. Ibid. Ibid. Equiano, 70-88. Ibid. Solomon Northup, Twelve Years A Slave, 78-82. Equanio, 70-88. Ibid. “Management of Slaves, &c,” The Farmer’s Register: A Monthly Publication Devoted to the Improvement of the Practice and Support of the Interests of Agriculture 5, 10 May 1837, 32-33. Ibid. Samuel G. Howe, in John W. Blassingame, Slave Testimony, American Freedmen’s Inquiry Commission Interviews, 386. Ibid. Howe, 385. Ibid. Howe, 386. Joint Select Committee Chairman, Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Committee to Inquire Into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, volume 1, 1862, 411-412. Ibid. Ibid.

In this essay, the author

  • Opines that african slavery is the cornerstone of the industrial, social, and political fabric of south. strike down slavery and you reduce the south to depopulation and barbarism.
  • Explains that slave trading dates back to ancient times, but it didn't become popular until the fifteenth century when the portugese began trading for profit.
  • Describes how europeans found their careers in the slave trading market. twelve million african americans were captured from their native land of africa and forced to board ships bound for the new world.
  • Explains that olaudah equiano, a child of only eleven years old, was kidnapped from his native land of africa in the 1780s and sold into slavery.
  • Analyzes how the ship's crowded cargo became pestilential, and the air became unfit for respiration from a variety of loathsome smells.
  • Explains that slaves were treated as livestock, herded into a confined area and beaten for trying to escape. the treatment only worsened once they reached the mainland.
  • Explains that auctions were heart-wrenching for africans, as they were separated from their children and husbands without much hope of ever being reunited.
  • Explains that once an african american was in the hands of a master, his or her identity became virtually obsolete. slave owners cared little about their slave’s native customs, traditions, family ties, or lifestyles.
  • Analyzes how a slaveholder published an article titled "managing of slaves, &c" instructing farmers on how to control their slaves.
  • Explains how a series of slave rebellions in the mid- to late-eighteenth century caused colonists to think differently about emancipation.
  • Explains that after the nat turner rebellion of 1831, planters became more concerned with the increasing number of free blacks and tightened the limits on their freedom.
  • Explains that slavery in the southern states continued to thrive, despite southern planters' obligation to free their slaves after their loss in 1865. rising sentiment between the north and the south led to the formation of the ku klux klan.
  • Narrates how they heard a chair fall over in john walthall's house. they heard them cursing his wife and striking her over the head.
  • Explains that slavery and racism were at the forefront of oppression for african americans and lasted for a grueling three hundred years.
  • Describes olaudah equiano, or gustavus vassa, the african, and thomas clarkson.
  • Cites samuel g. howe, in john w. blassingame, slave testimony, american freedmen’s inquiry commission interviews, 386.
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