Single-Gender Parenting in America

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Introduction Throughout recent decades, homosexual relationships have become common within the United States. Along with receiving the ability to marry, some homosexual couples have embraced same-sex parenting, and have been granted the right to adopt children. These practices have been met with a lot of criticism in the United States from people who believe that the parental structure should only include a mother and father (Biblarz & Stacey, 2009a). Some of the reasons that people may be against same-gender parenting include fear of a gender identity crisis that may lead to homosexuality for the child, and the idea that children of same-gender parents are subject to social problems as a result of being parented by two mothers or two fathers. Due to these concerns, single-gender parenting continues to be a controversial issue in the United States. Single-gender Parenting According to Patterson (2009), the ability to marry the person of your choice and have children with them is a right that is deeply rooted in American society. Unfortunately, this right has not been available for many homosexual couples in the United States. Even though some states have recently given single-gender couples the right to have their relationships recognized by government law, it has not been very easy for many couples to adopt children or for non-biological parents within a same-gender marriage to hold custodial rights to a child (Goldhaber, 2007). One of the pieces of legislation that has made the acquisition of equal rights difficult for homosexual couples has been the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act. The 1996 Defense of Marriage Act was a law that was signed by President Clinton, which stated that no individual states would be forced... ... middle of paper ... ...ly, 72(1), 3-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00678.x Biblarz, T.J., Stacey, J. (2010). Ideal families and social science ideals. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(1), 41-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00682.x Goldhaber, O. (2007). I want my mommies: The cry for mini-domas to recognize the best interests of the children of same-sex couples. Family Court Review, 45(2), 287-301. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-1617.2007.00144.x Tasker, F. (2010). Same-sex parenting and child development: Reviewing the contribution of parental gender. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(1), 35-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1741- 3737.2009.00681.x Patterson, C.J. (2009). Children of lesbian and gay parents: Psychology, law, and policy. American Psychologist, 64(8), 727-36. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/index.cf m?fa= buy.optionToBuy&id=2009-19983-026

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